Conventions on emergency preparedness and response

Two legal instruments are the basis for the international emergency preparedness and response framework: the Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident and the Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency. They place specific obligations on the States Parties and the IAEA.

The Conventions require each State Party to identify points of contact that are available round-the-clock, as well as competent authorities that are authorized to issue or receive notifications and requests for assistance, and to arrange for assistance to be provided.

Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident

The Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident aims to strengthen international cooperation in providing relevant information about nuclear accidents so that transboundary radiological consequences can be minimized. States Parties commit that, in the event of a nuclear accident that may have transboundary radiological consequences, they will notify the IAEA along with countries that may be affected and provide relevant information on the development of the accident. The IAEA will in turn inform States Parties, Member States, other States that may be physically affected and relevant international organizations of the notification received and will, upon request, promptly provide other information.

Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency

The Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency sets out an international framework for co-operation among States Parties and the IAEA to facilitate prompt assistance and support in the event of nuclear accidents or radiological emergencies. The IAEA serves as the focal point for such cooperation. It helps channel information and supports the efforts of States Parties and other partners involved.

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