Emergency preparedness and response

Effective national and global response arrangements and capabilities are essential to minimise the impacts from nuclear and radiological incidents and emergencies. The IAEA maintains the international Emergency Preparedness and Response (EPR) framework, which is based on the international legal instruments.

The IAEA helps maintain and strengthen effective emergency preparedness and response capabilities on a national and international level. As part of these activities, it develops safety standards, guidelines and technical tools; assists Member States in building the capacity for emergency response; and maintains the IAEA Incident and Emergency System to efficiently implement its role in response to nuclear or radiological incidents and emergencies, regardless of whether they arise from accident, negligence or deliberate act.

  • International framework

    An international framework facilitates the development and maintenance of capabilities and arrangements for preparedness and response to nuclear and radiological incidents and emergencies. The IAEA and the Inter-Agency Committee on Radiological and Nuclear Emergencies are the prime interagency coordination mechanism in emergency preparedness and response. Read more →

  • Preparedness

    The IAEA fulfils its roles and responsibilities for emergency preparedness by developing Safety Standards, guidance and tools related to emergency preparedness and response, and by assisting IAEA Member States in their implementation. It also offers review services to Member States and develops a comprehensive capacity-building programme. Read more →

  • Response

    In a nuclear or radiological incident or emergency, the Agency’s roles encompass: notification and official information exchange; assessment of potential emergency consequences and prognosis of potential emergency progression; providing public information; providing assistance on request; and coordinating the inter-agency response. It fulfils this through the Incident and Emergency System. Read more →


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