The longest standing area of cooperation between the Commission and the IAEA is nuclear safety. In 2005, the IAEA and the European Commission signed the first Contribution Agreement for a project in this area. Since then, the Agency has signed a number of Contribution Agreements with the Commission, under the auspices of the EU Technical Assistance to the Commonwealth of Independent States programme, the Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation, the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance and the Instrument for Stability.
These Agreements aim to support the implementation of regional and interregional projects to address the development needs of IAEA Member States in the field of nuclear safety. The projects address such areas as radiation protection, safe management of radioactive waste, nuclear safety culture and emergency preparedness and response.
The IAEA has made sustained efforts to develop partnerships with EU institutions also in other areas, in particular the specific development fields of food and agriculture, water and the environment, and health.