Nuclear power plant safety

Nuclear power plants are among the safest and most secure facilities in the world. But accidents can happen, adversely affecting people and the environment. To minimize the likelihood of an accident, the IAEA assists Member States in applying international safety standards to strengthen nuclear power plant safety.

  • Siting of nuclear facilities

    Siting is the term used to describe the process to select where a nuclear installation is built and whether the decided location is suitable for it. Siting is one of the important decisions in the early stage of a planned nuclear energy project. Read more →

  • Olikiluoto NPP

    Design of nuclear power plants

    The design of a nuclear power plant needs to consider specific site characteristics, operational aspects and future decommissioning plans so as to achieve the highest levels of safety. A comprehensive and thorough safety assessment is also mandatory to ensure the adequate protection of workers, the public and the environment. Read more →

  • Construction and Commissioniong, Russia

    Construction and commissioning of nuclear power plants

    Construction and commissioning are the activities by which a nuclear power plant is built or modified and its systems, structures and components put into operation. The IAEA’s safety standards, technical reports and review services assist Member States perform these activities and achieve a high level of safety and performance. Read more →

  • Operation and maintenance. Kalpakkam, India

    Operation and maintenance of nuclear power plants

    Safe, reliable and economic nuclear power plants typically exhibit careful, conservative operation and rigorous, well-planned maintenance activities to minimize risks to workers, the public and the environment. The IAEA Safety Standards, technical reports and safety review services help Member States achieve these goals. Read more →

  • decommissioning activities

    Decommissioning of nuclear installations

    Decommissioning refers to the administrative and technical actions taken to remove all or some of the regulatory controls from an authorized facility so the facility and its site can be reused. Decommissioning includes activities such as planning, physical and radiological characterization, facility and site decontamination, dismantling, and materials management. Read more →

  • Security aspects of nuclear facilities

    With hundreds of nuclear power reactors, research reactors and fuel cycle facilities in operation worldwide, nuclear terrorism and other nuclear security threats demand continuous attention. The IAEA helps to ensure that measures are taken to control and protect nuclear facilities from such threats. Read more →