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Enhancing National Safeguards Infrastructure to Support the Introduction of Nuclear Power

IAEA Nuclear Energy Series No. NG-T-3.25

English STI/PUB/2063 ¦ 978-92-0-132323-1

92 pages ¦ 7 figures ¦ € 42.00 ¦ Date published: 2023

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The decision to establish a nuclear power programme is a significant undertaking by any country. Such a decision should be based on a commitment by the government to use nuclear power safely, securely and peacefully. This commitment requires establishing a sustainable national infrastructure including robust safeguards infrastructure supporting the functions of the State system of accounting for and control of nuclear material (SSAC). The IAEA has developed the Milestones Approach to help Member States embarking on nuclear power to plan and develop the necessary infrastructure in a phased way. Safeguards is one of the 19 infrastructure issues described in the Milestones Approach. The primary objective of this publication is to provide guidance and references for safeguards related activities that need to be carried out during each of the three phases of nuclear power infrastructure development in line with the nuclear power programme implementation. This publication includes several case studies from different countries on how they developed their national safeguards infrastructure to meet the requirements of their nuclear power programmes.

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IAEA Nuclear Energy, Enhancing National Safeguards Infrastructure, Support, Introduction of Nuclear Power, Management, Nuclear Power Plants, NPPs, Design and Construction, Planning, Nuclear Facilities, Safety Measures, State System of Accounting for and Control of Nuclear Material, SSAC, Milestones Approach, Member States, Nuclear Power Plan, Guidance and References, Nuclear Power Infrastructure Development, Nuclear Power Programme Implementation, Case Studies, Countries, International Instruments, Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, Safeguards Obligations, Nuclear Material, Equipment, Technology, Key Safeguards Infrastructure Activities, New Nuclear Power Projects, Three Phase Approach, Nuclear Energy Programme Implementing Organization, NEPIO, Government, Export and Import Controls, IAEA Support, Regulatory Body, State or Regional Authority Responsible for Safeguards Implementation, SRA, Interactions, NPP Owner, Operator, Resources and Assistance, Review

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