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Status of Research and Technology Development for Supercritical Water Cooled Reactors

IAEA TECDOC No. 1869
English IAEA-TECDOC-1869 978-92-0-101919-6
74 14 18.00 2019

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Description

There is considerable interest in both developing and developed countries in the design of innovative water cooled reactors (WCRs) and, owing to the higher thermal efficiency and significant system simplifications, supercritical water cooled reactors (SWCRs). Compared to conventional WCRs the SCWR concept requires extensive, comprehensive research and development (R&D). Fundamental research in understanding important phenomena has been completed successfully in providing information required for the next step of development. Currently, a few concepts have been assessed as being technical feasible, and several other concepts are under development. These concepts are described in this publication, together with detailed analysis of remaining gaps requiring future R&D.

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Keywords

Water Cooled Reactors, WCRs, Nuclear Reactors, Nuclear Engineering, SCWRs, Supercritical Water Cooled Reactors, Technology, Thermal Efficiency, Research and Development, Pressurized Water Reactor, PWR, Steam, High Density Water, Fluid, Low Density Fluid, BWR, Boiling Water Reactor, Conceptual Designs, Thermal Hydraulics, Chemistry, Materials, SCC, Stress Corrosion Cracking, Modelling, Heat Transfer, System Design, Codes, Heat Flux, Concepts, Fuel Cladding, Critical Flow, Pressure Drops, Fuel Assembly, Material Degradation, Safety Systems, Technical Meetings, Trainings, Numerical Simulation, In-Core Structure, Supercritical Water Radiolysis, Member States, Thermal Hydraulics Phenomena, Engineers, System Designers

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