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Characterization, Treatment and Conditioning of Radioactive Graphite from Decommissioning of Nuclear Reactors

English IAEA-TECDOC-1521 92-0-112006-0
80 15.00 2006

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Dismantling and management of radioactive graphite and carbon, which is used as a moderator and reflector of neutrons in more than 100 nuclear power plants and in many research and plutonium production reactors, presents significant technological and safety challenges. The large quantities of radioactive graphite waste generated (over 200 000 t worldwide) and the specific properties of graphite demonstrate a need for complex planning and implementation of several interrelated operations. This publication provides decision makers, nuclear facility managers and engineers and waste managers with comprehensive, technologically oriented information on the present state of and recent achievements in radioactive graphite waste management. This publication will be of use in the planning and development of decommissioning procedures, processing of radioactive graphite waste and processing for final disposal.

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