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Energy Supply Options for Lithuania


English IAEA-TECDOC-1408 ¦ 92-0-110004-3

180 pages ¦ € 15.00 ¦ Date published: 2004

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This publication reports on the comprehensive study of Lithuania’s future energy supply strategies taking into consideration necessary measures being implemented in the energy sector in accordance with the accession to full membership of the European Union. Within this context, the study investigates the future development of the Lithuanian electricity/heat supply sector and the impacts on energy supply security and environmental effects of a closure of the Ignalina nuclear power plant by 2009, a condition stipulated by the European Union. The publication describes the application of the IAEA energy models: the Model for Analysis of Energy Demand (MAED) and the Model for Energy Supply Strategy Alternatives and their General Environmental Impacts (MESSAGE), in the context of the Lithuanian energy system, in order to assess the financial, economic and environmental implications of the various development scenarios during the period up to 2025. As a result, a set of future development strategies has been analysed, prioritized and ranked according to their performance indicators with respect to investment requirements, air emission burden and fuel import dependence. For each proposed strategy, a list of best candidate projects for future electricity/heat supply systems has been identified for consideration by policy makers.

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