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Minimization of Radioactive Waste from Nuclear Power Plants and the Back End of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle

English STI/DOC/010/377 92-0-101195-4
84 25 23.50 1995


Waste management at the back end of the nuclear fuel cycle comprises the various activities involved in the handling of the spent fuel once it has left the reactor. The purpose of the minimization of radioactive waste is threefold: (a) to reduce the risks of radiation exposure of technical personnel as well as of the public; (b) to reduce contamination of the environment; and (c) to reduce overall costs by reducing the repository space required for final waste disposal. Waste minimization has become a major part of waste management policies.
Contents: 1. Introduction; 2. Waste minimization strategy; 3. Types and quantities of waste generated; 4. Practical waste minimization achievements; 5. Future trends; 6. Conclusions; References; Appendix A: Liquid and wet solid waste minimization techniques in LWRs; Appendix B: Dry solid waste minimization techniques in LWRs; Appendix C: General/administrative waste minimization techniques in LWRs.

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