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Determination of Environmental Remediation End States

IAEA Nuclear Energy Series No. NW-G-3.2

English STI/PUB/2053 ¦ 978-92-0-104523-2

48 pages ¦ 4 figures ¦ € 30.00 ¦ Date published: 2023

Download PDF (1.72 MB)

EPUB format available (2.69 MB)


Sites with radioactive contamination may require action to protect people and the environment and to enable transition to a different future use. To support environmental management of these sites, this publication presents a process to determine the “end state” of the site to be remediated or being remediated, and implications for the site future use and necessary controls. The approach is intended to assist those responsible for a site in making an informed and transparent decision on what is the mutually agreed end state. It provides a common basis for all stakeholders involved in the decision-making process, who are working on achieving consensus, so that the potential for misunderstanding is reduced.

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IAEA Nuclear Energy, Determination, Environmental Remediation End States, Radioactive Waste Disposal, Environmental Aspects, Management, Nuclear Facilities, Planning, Key Concepts, End State Determination, Exposure Situation, Policy and Strategies, Guiding Principles, Site Context, Key Values, Drivers, External Constraints, Implementation, National Policy, Regulatory Requirements, Liability Factors, Radiological and Non-Radiological Factors, Site Complexity, Decision Making Process, Interim States, Life Cycle Stages, Stakeholders, Balance of Risk, Costs and Benefits, Uncertainties, Site Specific Factors, Radionuclides, Operating Organizations, Regulatory Bodies, Good Practices, Nuclear Fuel Cycle, Review

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