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Management of NORM Residues

English IAEA-TECDOC-1712 978-92-0-142710-6
72 11 18.00 2013

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Naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM) may lead to exposures at some stage of its processing and in the use or reuse of products, residues or wastes. Several IAEA publications address NORM issues with a special focus on some of the more relevant industrial operations. This publication addresses the management aspects of NORM residues, including their disposal as waste, in a wide range of industrial activities involving minerals and raw materials. It also addresses NORM residues at so-called legacy sites, that is, sites contaminated by past activities that were not regulated to present standards. The main intention of this publication is to provide guidance to Member States on good practice in the management of NORM residues, bearing in mind that there is no single approach that applies to all situations.

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