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Costa Rica Ratifies Key Nuclear Security Amendment

Ambassador Pilar Saborio de Rocafort, Resident Representative of Costa Rica to the IAEA, deposits Costa Rica's instrument of ratification of the Amendment to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM) with IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano at the IAEA headquarters in Vienna, Austria. (Left to right) Raja Abdul Aziz Raja Adnan, Director, Division of Nuclear Security, IAEA Department of Nuclear Safety and Security, Ambassador Pilar Saborio de Rocafort, Yukiya Amano and Peri Lynne Johnson, Director, IAEA Office of Legal Affairs, 4 May 2017.

On 4 May 2017, the Ambassador of Costa Rica to the IAEA, HE Ms Pilar Saborío de Rocafort, deposited her country’s instrument of ratification of the Amendment to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material with the IAEA Director General Mr Yukiya Amano.

The CPPNM, the only legally binding international undertaking in the area of physical protection of nuclear material, entered into in force in 1987. It focuses on the physical protection of nuclear material used for peaceful purposes during international transport, but does not cover the protection of nuclear facilities or nuclear material in domestic use, storage and transport. In July 2005, the Parties to the CPPNM adopted the Amendment to broaden the scope of the original Convention.

The Amendment obliges countries to protect nuclear facilities, as well as nuclear material in domestic use, storage and transport. It also provides for increased international cooperation on locating and recovering stolen or smuggled nuclear material, to mitigate any radiological consequences of sabotage, and to prevent and combat related offences. Since its entry into force on 8 May 2016 six additional countries have joined the Amendment. Currently, there are 109 Parties to the Amendment.