Radiation protection in orthopedic surgery

Orthopaedic surgeons are increasingly using X-ray based fluoroscopic techniques in operation theatres or in the fluoroscopy rooms. The overall use of radiation in procedures such as kyphoplasty, vertebroplasty, deformity correction, pelvic fixation, intramedullary inter-locking nails and CT guided biopsies performed by orthopaedic surgeons is not as much as that used by interventional cardiologists. However, the lack of training in radiation protection among orthopaedic surgeons remains a problem.