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Uruguay Takes Decisive Action to Reverse High Cancer Incidence and Mortality Rates


Experts from the IAEA, the WHO and IARC reviewed Uruguay's cancer services to provide advice to the government on how to tackle the country's growing cancer burden. (Photo: G. Saporiti/IAEA)

Experts rolled up their sleeves in Uruguay in the final weeks of 2021 as they assessed the country’s cancer control system and worked towards finding solutions to strengthen cancer control capacities and lower mortality rates. Together with the Ministry of Public Health and 20 national experts, the IAEA, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) brought in an international team of specialists to focus on how to tackle these rates, which remain high despite the medical expertise available in the country and the technological investments made in recent years.

Over five days at the end of December, an imPACT Review team of international experts met with almost 100 national stakeholders, including oncology physicians, nursing staff, hospital and laboratory technicians and public administration officials. They visited seven public and nine private cancer facilities in both urban and rural parts of the country, as part of the review.

The imPACT team also travelled to the department of Florida (90 km north of Montevideo) to visit three of the main cancer facilities in rural Uruguay. The visit allowed experts to consolidate an analysis of the urban and rural realities, and to develop a series of recommendations to strengthen access to cancer control services for the entire population.

Building on virtual meetings and workshops that started in September, the experts held extensive discussions on Uruguay’s capabilities and needs in human resources, cancer detection, diagnostic and treatment technologies as well as infrastructure.

“Receiving this imPACT mission is a great opportunity for Uruguay, as much for the medical staff as for the patients and us in the Ministry,” said Daniel Salinas, Minister of Public Health. “This joint mission provides us with an unbiased and transparent analysis of the current situation of our cancer control system, allowing us to develop solutions that aim to reach the highest international standards while respecting the specificities of our country.”

The four most frequent types of cancer in Uruguay are breast, prostate, colorectal and lung cancer, similarly to other high-income countries. These four cancers are responsible for half of the 8,000 annual cancer deaths in the country of 3.5 million every year. According to the National Cancer Registry, more than 16,000 new cases are registered each year.

Over five days in December 2021, an imPACT Review team of international experts visited 16 cancer facilities in both urban and rural parts of Uruguay, as part of the review of its cancer services. (Photo: G. Saporiti/IAEA)

Uruguay’s cancer control and prevention system is made up of public and private providers, a national registry, civil society, administrations and public institutions. To tackle the cancer burden, the experts noted that an important effort of coordination between these parties is necessary to ensure a coherent and aligned strategy in line with national health priorities and goals.

The imPACT team also recommended a focus on areas such as the promotion of comprehensive public cancer centres, the regulation of medical practices for the quality control and standardization of services, the technological renewal of equipment and training of staff with specific reference to the medical specialities needed in the centres. Such needs include radiotherapists, medical physicists, technicians and anatomy-pathologists.

“The pandemic has taught us that imPACT missions, usually carried out in person, can benefit from a hybrid approach including a series of preliminary virtual meetings with the different counterparts. This allows us to allocate much more time during the country visit to discuss the quality of the services provided and the most realistic and consistent recommendations to overcome the limitation in the country,” said Andres Cordova, a senior radiation oncologist  from Chile and a member of the imPACT team. “The experience with Uruguay taught us that this new formula works and can be capitalized on for future reviews.”

The National Program for Cancer Control (PRONACCAN) team and the national experts appointed by the Ministry of Public Health accompanied the entire evaluation process, organising and facilitating visits to cancer facilities and providing a local prospective to the analysis.

A workshop was organised on the last day of the mission to discuss the main findings and the preliminary recommendations with the Minister of Health and senior officials from WHO and the IAEA to ensure the imPACT findings will contribute to and support national efforts.

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