Climate Change Challenges to the Safety of Nuclear Installations

Open for proposals

Project Type

Coordinated Research Project

Project Code

J72007

CRP

2417

Approved Date

21 June 2023

Status

Active - Ongoing

Start Date

22 November 2023

Expected End Date

21 November 2027

Participating Countries

Bangladesh
Canada
China
Egypt
Ghana
Indonesia
Jordan
Malaysia
Morocco
Nigeria
Pakistan
Republic of Korea

Description

In consideration of the current practice in Member States in relation to hazard evaluation, design, and operation at nuclear installations for nuclear safety challenges posed by climate change, this coordinated research project will focus on the most relevant safety issues affecting climate change-related hazards and corresponding protection measures at nuclear installations.  Climate change has an important role on increasing the risk associated with weather related hazards such as droughts, wildfires, heat waves, floods, rotational winds, and storm surges.  The increasing severity and frequency of weather-related hazards due to climate change poses challenges to nuclear installations. 
The planned CRP will proceed through research on hazard and operational provisions, investigating the resilience of new and existing nuclear infrastructures to climate-related extreme scenarios.  The impact of climate change on relevant weather-related hazards will be analyzed as part of the research effort through collection and comparison of national practices.  In the case of flooding vulnerability at river and coastal sites, this CRP will include a benchmark study to analyze selected cases for deterministic and probabilistic hazard assessment, uncertainty management, and adaptation/resilience to extreme weather conditions. 
 The CRP will particularly contribute to SDG 13.1, "Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries" by ensuring proposed and existing nuclear power plant sites are adequately evaluated for flooding hazards, as well as feed into SDGs 7.a and 9.

Objectives

Enhancing the capability and expertise of Member States for evaluating the impact of climate change on the weather-related hazard analysis for nuclear installations.

Specific objectives

Identify the methodical differences in the current Member State practices for including climate projections in hazard estimates.

Perform a benchmarking hazard analysis on the case studies, considering the uncertainty in climate change projections and comparison of the results to understand the differences.

Develop high level recommendations on the impact on climate change on the meteorological and hydrological hazards, with the intent of capturing best practices and lessons learned from the benchmark analysis.

Harmonize the guidance given on on-site monitoring and warning systems, pre- and post-event actions, and adaptation measures.

Train early-career engineers and scientists, and establish opportunities for PhD dissertations from embarking countries.

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