Evaluation and Optimization of Paediatric Imaging

Closed for proposals

Project Type

Coordinated Research Project

Project Code

E24020

CRP

2063

Approved Date

23 March 2015

Status

4 - Closed

Start Date

3 September 2015

Expected End Date

31 December 2018

Completed Date

21 November 2019

Participating Countries

Austria
Brazil
Chile
Cuba
Egypt
Germany
Ghana
Indonesia
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
United States of America

Description

Paediatric patients comprise a critical group of patients in medical imaging because of their special requirements related to dose (increased radiosensitivity) and imaging (range of body sizes). Optimized paediatric imaging applying ionizing radiation depends not only on the application of established protocols, but also on the experience of the personnel and the suitability of the equipment. This leads to wide variations in image and dose characteristics between departments, which have to be investigated and optimized. Under the framework of this CRP, participants are expected to: (i) contribute to the coordinated research activities, which are designed to evaluate current practice and facilitate the development of optimization strategies for paediatric imaging; and (ii) propose individual research activities of local interest on the optimization of paediatric imaging. Through this CRP, the potential of the Member States to develop and implement state-of-the-art research and optimization strategies in paediatric imaging will be enhanced.

Objectives

The overall objective of this project is to enhance the capabilities of Member States to improve the efficiency of existing modalities for paediatric medical imaging, as well as to implement and enhance optimization techniques and methodologies for advanced paediatric medical imaging. The ultimate benefit of this CRP is to the large number of paediatric patients undergoing diagnostic procedures with ionizing radiation.

Specific objectives

To quantify, in terms of dose and image quality, the practices involving paediatric patient in diagnostic radiology and nuclear medicine.

To develop tools suitable for training or information for paediatric clinical practice.

To provide guidelines and assist Member States on the evaluation of paediatric practices and optimization methodologies.

To assess the impact of training on optimization with particular emphasis on typical delivered doses and administered activities, with respect to the DRLs.

Impact

The impact of the CRP relates to the practical aspects of optimization, which is an important part of the International Safety Standards.
Further to the direct impact to the participating institutes on improving their practices, the generation of practical tips for performing optimization has potential to improve the quality and quantity of paediatric imaging practices in all Member States.

Relevance

The CRP is of direct relevance to the work of the IAEA and specifically to the work of the NAHU-DMRP Section, as it covers medical physics aspects of paediatric imaging in both Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine. It partially builds on the results of the previous and ongoing activities and publications and is strongly connected to the main programmatic activities of the Section, such as dosimetry, image quality evaluation, assessment of equipment performance, optimization, etc.

CRP Publications

Type

XXVI ALASBIMN Congress

Year

2017

Description

Optimization of the activity injected by guaranteeing image quality in paediatric planar studies with 99mTc-DMSA

Country/Organization

Chile

Type

Congresso Brasileiro de Física Médica

Year

2017

Description

Estudo comparativo de níveis de referência em diagnóstico (DRL) em procedimentos de tomografia computadorizada pediátrica

Country/Organization

Brazil

Type

World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering

Year

2018

Description

Local Dose Survey on Paediatric Multi-detector CT: A Preliminary Result

Country/Organization

Indonesia

Type

24th International Conference on Medical Physics and 8th ALFIM Congress

Year

2019

Description

Optimization of medical exposure in paediatric nuclear medicine procedures

Country/Organization

Cuba

Type

International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology, 3(1), 204-211

Year

2017

Publication URL

http://ijsrst.com/IJSRST162680

Description

The Effect of Administered Activity on Patient Radiation dose and Image Quality in SPECT at Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital

Country/Organization

Ghana

Type

European Journal of Medical Physics

Year

2018

Publication URL

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmp.2018.02.009

Description

Characterization of OSL dosimeters for use in dose assessment in Computed Tomography procedures

Country/Organization

Brazil

Type

Brazilian Journal of Medical Physics

Year

2019

Description

Paediatric CT dose optimization in a general hospital (Accepted to be published)

Country/Organization

Brazil

Type

Journal of Medical Physics and Biophysics

Description

Optimisasi dosis dan kualitas citra pada radiologi diagnostik: langkah-langkah, tips, dan panduan praktis

Country/Organization

Indonesia

Type

Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics

Year

2018

Publication URL

https://doi.org/10.1002/acm2.12505

Description

Organ doses evaluation for chest computed tomography procedures with TL dosimeters: Comparison with Monte Carlo simulations

Country/Organization

Brazil

Type

International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology, 4(2), 861-868

Year

2018

Publication URL

http://ijsrst.com/IJSRST184170

Description

Cancer Risk Assessment of Patients Undergoing Computed Tomography Examination at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital

Country/Organization

Ghana

Type

Isotope & Rad. Res., 49(1), 179-190

Year

2017

Description

Evaluation of Radiation Doses in Computed Tomography Scans using Simulation Models and Experimental Verification

Country/Organization

Egypt

Type

2nd International Convention of Science, Technology and Innovation

Year

2018

Description

Evaluation and optimization of paediatric nuclear medicine imaging emphasizing renal and bone studies

Country/Organization

Cuba

Type

I Chilean Congress of Medical Physics

Year

2018

Description

Optimization of the activity injected by guaranteeing image quality in paediatrics planar studies with 99mTc-DMSA

Country/Organization

Chile

Type

Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology, 61, 402–409.

Year

2017

Description

The risk of secondary cancer in nasopharyngeal carcinoma paediatric patients due to intensity modulated radiotherapy and mega-voltage cone beam computed tomography

Country/Organization

Egypt

Type

XXVI ALASBIMN Congress

Year

2017

Description

Nuclear Medicine Dose optimization on paediatric patients

Country/Organization

Chile

Type

Journal of Applied Physics, 9(5), 46-52

Year

2017

Description

Quantitative and qualitative analysis of Image Quality and Imaging Dose of kV CBCT from XVI Elekta Linac

Country/Organization

Egypt

Type

XXVI Congress of Latin American Society of Nuclear Biology and Medicine

Year

2017

Description

Optimización de dosis pediátricas en medicina nuclear. Resultados preliminares

Country/Organization

Cuba

Type

Journal of Physics: Conference Series

Year

2019

Description

Optimization of simulated cranial, thorax, and abdominal examination in paediatric digital radiography

Country/Organization

Indonesia

Type

International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology, 4(11), 162-166

Year

2018

Publication URL

http://ijsrst.com/IJSRST18401134

Description

Measurements of CTDI and DLP from CT image data for paediatrics radiological performance evaluation and dose optimisation in Ghana

Country/Organization

Ghana

Type

XI Regional Congress IRPA

Year

2018

Description

Optimization of the activity injected by guaranteeing image quality in paediatrics planar studies with 99mTc-DMSA

Country/Organization

Chile

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