Improving Resilience to Drought in Rice and Sorghum through Mutation Breeding

Closed for proposals

Project Type

Coordinated Research Project

Project Code

D23031

CRP

2127

Approved Date

13 February 2017

Status

Closed

Start Date

10 July 2017

Expected End Date

9 July 2021

Completed Date

20 April 2023

Participating Countries

Bangladesh
Brazil
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
Mali
Pakistan
Sudan
Viet Nam

Description

Drought is the most devastating abiotic stress factor worldwide affecting crop production and projected to worsen with anticipated climate change. It severely limits plant growth and development as well as agricultural characteristics resulting in reduction of crop yields. Improving drought tolerance in crops, to increase the efficiency of water use and to enhance agricultural water productivity under rain-fed conditions is among top priority for most countries. Among various agro-ecologies, Africa and South Asia are considered to be the most vulnerable to climate change and both have large numbers of poor populations constrained with meagre access to basic resources of water and productive land. Despite the fact that rice, maize, sorghum and wheat are grown in arid and semi-arid tropical areas of Africa and South Asia, the occurrence of drought stress is a frequent phenomenon across these areas in  rice, maize, sorghum and wheat belts during growing season, particularly during the flowering to grain filling period.  Drought has been found to be one of the major environmental factors which limit both quantity and quality of rice, maize, sorghum and wheat production in Africa and South Asia.  This CRP will focus on improving rice and sorghum to drought tolerance for current and future climate change scenarios. These two crops are essential staples in the diets of millions of impoverish and vulnerable populations, and therefore any attempt in increasing their yields under drought stress could have a major and positive impact in terms of food security and improved health and  income generation. Up to ten research contracts are expected to be awarded and five no-cost agreement holders from advanced laboratories and research institutes with recognized expertise in the targeted technologies will be invited to share their experience with the contract holders and contribute to the development and validation of the planned technical packages. In addition, it is foreseen that two technical contracts will be awarded for services in advanced areas such as screening methods development and advanced efficiency enhancing technologies and mutant characterization. Coordination and technical management will be handled by the scientific secretary in the Plant Breeding and Genetics Section.

Objectives

Improving drought resilience of rice and sorghum germplasm through induced mutation and development/adaptation of screening techniques for sustainable food security

Specific objectives

To disseminate methods and guidelines to the broader plant breeding and research communities.

To develop robust protocols for rapid advancement of generation, efficient screening of mutant populations for drought tolerance

To generate drought tolerant rice and sorghum mutant germplasm

To disseminate methods and guidelines to the broader plant breeding and research communities.

To develop robust protocols for rapid advancement of generation, efficient screening of mutant populations for drought tolerance

To generate drought tolerant rice and sorghum mutant germplasm

Impact

The CRP improved human capacity and improved drought resilience of rice and sorghum through induced mutation and development/adaptation of screening techniques that are expected to generate impact on sustainable food security, particularly drought affected countries.

Relevance

Improving the delivery of knowledge /experience for meeting resilience of climate change specifically drought stress.

CRP Publications

Type

Artice

Year

2020

Publication URL

https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/the-crop-journal

Description

Comparative Proteomic Analysis of the PEG Stress Response in a Sorghum Variety and Its Mutant

Country/Organization

The Crop Journal

Type

Artice

Year

2020

Publication URL

https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/the-crop-journal

Description

Comparative Proteomic Analysis of the PEG Stress Response in a Sorghum Variety and Its Mutant

Country/Organization

The Crop Journal

Type

Article

Year

2019

Publication URL

http://zwxb.chinacrops.org/EN/abstract/abstract6799.shtml

Description

Establishement of an acurate evaluation method for sorghum drought resistance based on multilevel phenotype analysis

Country/Organization

China, Acta Agronomica Sinica

Type

Article

Year

2018

Publication URL

https://doi.org/10.1007/s40502-018-0418-0

Description

Forward and reverse genetics approaches for combined stress tolerance in rice

Country/Organization

India, Journal of Plant Physiology

Type

Article

Year

2019

Publication URL

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpls.2019.01326/full

Description

Mutagenesis in Rice: The Basis for Breeding a New Super Plant

Country/Organization

Frontiers in Plant Science

Type

Article

Year

2020

Publication URL

https://academic.oup.com/jxb/article/71/2/451/5697955

Description

Mitigating the impact of climate change on plant productivity and ecosystem sustainability

Country/Organization

Journal of Experimental Botany

Type

Article

Year

2022

Publication URL

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1674205221004731#ack0010

Description

Rewilding staple crops for the lost halophytism: Toward sustainability and profitability of agricultural production systems

Country/Organization

India

Type

Article

Year

2019

Publication URL

http://zwxb.chinacrops.org/EN/abstract/abstract6799.shtml

Description

Establishement of an acurate evaluation method for sorghum drought resistance based on multilevel phenotype analysis

Country/Organization

China, Acta Agronomica Sinica

Type

Conference

Year

2019

Description

Induced mutagenesis of Binadhan-17 rice variety for drought tolerance

Country/Organization

Bangladesh

Type

Article

Year

2020

Publication URL

https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erz263

Description

The quest for osmosensors in plants. Journal of Experimental Botany

Country/Organization

India

Type

Conference

Year

2019

Description

Induced mutagenesis of Binadhan-17 rice variety for drought tolerance

Country/Organization

Bangladesh

Type

Book Chapter

Year

2023

Description

Strategies for Screening Induced Mutants for Stress Tolerance. In: Penna, S., Jain, S.M. (eds) Mutation Breeding for Sustainable Food Production and Climate Resilience. Springer, Singapore

Country/Organization

Austria

Type

Paper

Year

2023

Publication URL

https://saspublishers.com/article/12937/download/

Description

Evaluation of Some Sorghum Cultivars for Drought Tolerance under Gezira Irrigated Conditions

Country/Organization

Sudan

Type

Book Chapter

Year

2023

Publication URL

https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-15568-0_11

Description

Sustainable Rice Production Under Biotic and Abiotic Stress Challenges. S., Fiaz, S., Nadeem, M.A., Baloch, F.S., Qayyum, A. (eds) Sustainable Agriculture in the Era of the OMICs Revolution. Springer, Cham

Country/Organization

Pakistan

Type

Article

Year

2018

Publication URL

https://doi.org/10.1007/s40502-018-0418-0

Description

Physiological, genetic and molecular basis of drought resilience in sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.)Moench

Country/Organization

India, Journal of Plant Physiology

Type

Article

Year

2021

Publication URL

https://inis.iaea.org/search/search.aspx?orig_q=RN%3A52093582

Description

Integrated Approaches for Improving Drought Tolerance in Rice and Sorghum

Country/Organization

Austria

Type

Article

Year

2022

Publication URL

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-022-01162-y#Ack1

Description

Physiological and molecular signatures reveal differential response of rice genotypes to drought and drought combination with heat and salinity stress. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants, 28(4), pp.899-910.

Country/Organization

India

Type

Article

Year

2020

Publication URL

https://academic.oup.com/jxb

Description

Integrating the dynamics of yield traits in rice in response to environmental changes

Country/Organization

Journal of Experimental Botany

Type

Article

Year

2023

Publication URL

https://doi.org/10.1079/cabireviews.2023.0008

Description

Genome editing in rice: New paths for an old crop.

Country/Organization

Brazil

Type

Article

Year

2019

Publication URL

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpls.2019.01326/full

Description

Mutagenesis in Rice: The Basis for Breeding a New Super Plant

Country/Organization

Frontiers in Plant Science

Type

Article

Year

2018

Publication URL

https://doi.org/10.1007/s40502-018-0418-0

Description

Forward and reverse genetics approaches for combined stress tolerance in rice

Country/Organization

India, Journal of Plant Physiology

Type

Poster presentation

Year

2021

Description

Exploitation de la mutagenèse pour la résistance à la sécheresse et la productivité du riz (Oryza L.) pluvial au Mali

Country/Organization

Mali

Type

Paper

Year

2022

Publication URL

https://doi.org/10.54112/bcsrj.v2022i1.106.

Description

Evaluation of the tolerance of rice (oryza sativa) for submergence and drought using various yield related stress indices

Country/Organization

Pakistan

Type

Article

Year

2020

Publication URL

https://academic.oup.com/jxb

Description

Integrating the dynamics of yield traits in rice in response to environmental changes

Country/Organization

Journal of Experimental Botany

Type

Poster presentation

Year

2022

Publication URL

https://interdrought7.org/

Description

Exploring drought resistant and productive upland rice mutant derived from induced mutation

Country/Organization

Mali

Type

Proceeding

Year

2021

Description

Phenotypic and genotypic assessment of rice mutant genotype, NMR151 and NMR152

Country/Organization

Malaysia

Type

Proceeding

Year

2021

Description

The effect of drought stress on agronomical and physiological traits of Malaysian rice variety (MiGC 14)

Country/Organization

Malaysia

Type

Article

Year

2018

Publication URL

https://doi.org/10.1007/s40502-018-0418-0

Description

Physiological, genetic and molecular basis of drought resilience in sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.)Moench

Country/Organization

India, Journal of Plant Physiology

Type

Proceeding

Year

2020

Description

Physiological screening of advanced rice mutant lines in drought resistant

Country/Organization

Malaysia

Type

Article

Year

2020

Publication URL

https://academic.oup.com/jxb/article/71/2/451/5697955

Description

Mitigating the impact of climate change on plant productivity and ecosystem sustainability

Country/Organization

Journal of Experimental Botany

Type

Article

Year

2023

Publication URL

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352340922010186

Description

Data on genome resequencing of the rice cultivar MR219 and its abiotic stress tolerant mutant lines, NMR152 and NMR151

Country/Organization

Malaysia

Type

Article

Year

2023

Publication URL

https://www.scielo.br/j/sa/

Description

Characterization of roots of rice mutants under water deficit during the reproductive stage

Country/Organization

Brazil

Stay in touch

Newsletter