Climate Proofing of Food Crops: Genetic Improvement for Adaptation to High Temperatures in Drought Prone Areas and Beyond

Closed for proposals

Project Type

Coordinated Research Project

Project Code

D23029

CRP

1756

Approved Date

2 September 2010

Status

Closed

Start Date

15 February 2011

Expected End Date

15 February 2016

Completed Date

12 October 2016

Description

Climate change is now largely accepted as a real and pressing global problem. The Intergovernmental panel on Climate Change (IPCC) considers four families of socio-economic development and associated emission scenarios known as Special Report on Emissions Scenarios: A2, B2, A1, and B1. Out of these; A1, the ‘‘business-as-usual scenario,’’ corresponds to the highest emissions of greenhouse gases and aerosol precursors, and B1 corresponds to the lowest, the other scenarios being intermediate between these two. It has recently been estimated that developing countries will bear 70-80% of the costs of climate change damage with agriculture being the most impacted sector. The main impacts of climate change on agriculture will most probably be experienced through higher temperatures (increase in minima and maxima), altered changes in rainfall patterns (in amount, spatial and temporal distributions), increased rates of evaporation, increased intensity and frequency of extreme events (floods and droughts), and raise of sea level affecting coastal areas where large quota of cultivated land are located (intrusion of salty water).

The responses that agriculture systems world wide can put in place to cope with the expected impact of climate change and to reduce the food insecurity range from institutional and policy levels to the best management practices and technology advancement. An important opportunity in terms of technology advancement is offered by the genetic improvement of crops that can adapt to the future climate conditions; i.e., “climate proofing” crops. Additionally, data collected from the selected crops: rice and common bean during the course of the CRP may be useful for a study of mathematical models for responses to high temperature in association with AquaCrop - FAO.

This CRP will focus on improving the grain yields of a major cereal (rice) and a grain legume (common bean) to high temperature stress in the face of climate change. These two crops are essential staples in the diets of millions of impoverish and vulnerable populations, and therefore any attempt in increasing their yields under high temperature stress could have a major and positive impact in terms of food security, improved health and income generation. The intent is to develop tools that allow plant breeders using mutation programs together with enhancing plant biotechnologies to develop improved crop varieties with higher and wider adaptability to temperatures variations as according to SRES predictions. Up to 10 research contracts are expected to be awarded and four no cost agreement holders from advanced laboratories with solid knowledge in the selected technologies and fields of expertise invited to share their experience with the contract holders. In addition, it is foreseen that 2 technical contracts will be awarded for services in identification and isolation of mutant genes in model crops using high throughput DNA technologies. Coordination and technical management will be handled by the scientific secretary in the Plant Breeding and Genetics Section.

Specific objectives

To explore whole plant genetic variability and identify high yielding genotypes from existing natural and mutated germplasm of cereals (preferably rice) and nitrogen fixing grain legumes (preferably common bean) for adaptation to high temperature; establishing robust experimental protocols for physiological, genetic and molecular studies; use advanced biotechnology, bioinformatics and genomics tools for whole plant analysis and data visualization.

To facilitate technology transfer, sharing of genetic and knowledge resources (through electronic means, peer reviewed publications, workshops, training courses, field days) and foster networks between participating research groups and potential end users for their mutual benefit

Impact

(i) Development of hands on protocols and robust efficient screening techniques in rice that will help other scientist in MSs to fast screen mutant population/genotypes for heat stress temperature
(ii) Development of new germplasm through mutation breeding and assisted biotechnologies in rice and common bean
(iii) Release of new rice mutant variety with has better heat tolerance than local varieties
(iv) Development of new mutant lines which are pipeline to release and contribute food security in MSs with better adaptation to climate change
(v) Increased knowledge and experience to resilience for heat stress tolerance for current and future climate change
(vi) Dissemination of research results through lectures to the students, proceeding/presentations in conferences/workshops and about 40 scientific publications (papers, book and book chapters)
(vii) Dissemination of produced information under the CRP through outreach activities including trainings, farmers day, workshops, public exhibitions
(viii) Integration between mutation breeding and molecular genetics scientists in this CRP developed bi- and multi-lateral collaborations and facilitated sharing genetic and knowledge resources in different platforms
(ix) Productions pf PhD, MSc and BS thesis on research directly contributing to this CRP
(x) Contribute food security through better adapted climate change varieties
(xi) Enhanced R&D capacity on phenotypical, physiological and genotypical screening of mutant rice and bean for heat stress tolerance to better adapt on-going and future climate change scenarios
(xii) Enhanced public awareness about the importance of potential of plant mutation breeding for meeting resilience of climate change and global warming

Relevance

Improving the delivery of knowledge /experience for meeting resilience of climate change and global warming.

CRP Publications

Type

Plant Science Journal,2015,33(3):213-219

Year

2015

Publication URL

http://www.whzwxyj.cn/EN/article/showArticleBySubjectScheme.do?code=Q945.78

Description

Effects of High Temperature on the Activity and Expression of Antioxidative Enzymes in Rice Flag Leaves during Flowering Stage, Wang Y, Gao P, Huang M, Chen H, Yang ZR, Sun Qun. .

Country/Organization

China

Type

Frontiers in Plant Physiology 4, 35 (1-20).

Year

2013

Description

Beebe, S., I. Rao, M. Blair and J. Acosta. 2013. Phenotyping common beans for adaptation to drought.

Country/Organization

Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT)-COLOMBIA

Type

Journal- BMC Genomics

Year

2012

Description

Pablo Peláez, Minerva S Trejo, Luis P Iñiguez, Georgina Estrada-Navarrete, Alejandra A Covarrubias, José L Reyes and Federico Sanchez; Identification and characterization of microRNAs in Phaseolus vulgaris by high-throughput sequencing

Country/Organization

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Type

Frontiers in Plant Physiology 4, 35 (1-20).

Year

2013

Publication URL

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3589705/

Description

Beebe, S., I. Rao, M. Blair and J. Acosta. 2013. Phenotyping common beans for adaptation to drought.

Country/Organization

Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT)- COLOMBIA

Type

Poster presentation Plant Abiotic Stress III. Congress 29 June- 1 July 2015, Vienna, Austria. Book of Abstract page 48.

Year

2015

Description

Development of Heat Tolerance Screening Techniques of Common and Tepary Beans Mutants for Adaptation to High Temperature in Drought Prone Areas-Sarsu, F., Caridad M., and Muñoz C.

Country/Organization

Austria, Vienna

Type

Plant Soil 372: 3-25/Journal

Year

2013

Description

Yang, Z., I. M. Rao and W. J. Horst. 2013. Interaction of aluminium and drought stress on root growth and crop yield on acid soils.

Country/Organization

Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT)-COLOMBIA

Type

Plant Soil 364: 29-37./Journal

Year

2013

Description

Devi, J. M., T. R. Sinclair, S. E. Beebe and I. M. Rao. 2013. Comparison of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genotypes for nitrogen fixation tolerance to soil drying.

Country/Organization

Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT)-COLOMBIA

Type

Oral Presentation/ National Congress, XV Congress of Plant Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Year

2012

Description

Peláez et al. 2012 . A conserved bZIP mRNA involved in the Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) is processed during common vean root nodule ontogeny”

Country/Organization

Departamento de Biología Molecular de Plantas, Instituto de Biotecnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico

Type

Wageningen academic publisher. The Netherlands. ISBN: 978-90-8686-234-4. (in press).

Year

2013

Description

Eds: Nasya Tomlekova, Imran Kozgar and Rafiq Wani; A Powerful Approach for Obtaining Abiotic Stress Tolerant Crops and Upgrading Food Security for Human Nutrition. In: Mutagenesis: exploring novel genes and pathways.

Country/Organization

Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)- INDIA

Type

Third International Conference on Genomics of Plant Genetic Resources, April 16-19, 2013, Jeju,

Description

Chemically and physically induced mutants: An overview of molecular nature and prospect in germplasm innovation. Shu Q-Y.

Country/Organization

Repulic of Korea

Type

Field Crops Research 148: 24-33.

Year

2013

Description

Assefa, T., S. E. Beebe, I. M. Rao, J. B. Cuasquer, M. C. Duque, M. Rivera, A. Battisti, M. Lucchin. 2013. Pod harvest index as a selection criterion to improve drought resistance in white pea bean.

Country/Organization

Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT)- COLOMBIA

Type

Turkish Journal of Field Crops 18: 73-77.

Year

2013

Publication URL

http://www.field-crops.org/assets/pdf/product5211c60894006.pdf

Description

Ghanbari, A. A., S. H. Mousavi, A. M. Gorji and I. Rao. 2013. Effects of water stress on leaves and seeds of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.).

Country/Organization

Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT)- COLOMBIA

Type

In: Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. pp. 847-889. Pessarakli M., Eds. CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, USA.

Year

2014

Description

Rao, I. M. 2014. Advances in improving adaptation of common bean and Brachiaria forage grasses to abiotic stress in the tropics.

Country/Organization

Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT)-COLOMBIA

Type

Book chapter -Academic Publishers, Pp 15-37.Editors: NasyaTomlekova, Imran Kozgar and Rafiq Wani. Publisher: Wageningen

Year

2013

Publication URL

http://www.wageningenacademic.com/doi/abs/10.3920/978-90-8686-787-5_1

Description

Mutation Breeding: A Powerful Approach for Obtaining Abiotic Stress Tolerant Crops and Upgrading Food Security for Human Nutrition, Priyanka Das, Manjari Mishra, Nita Lakra, Sneh Lata Singla-Pareek, Ashwani Pareek (2013).

Country/Organization

Netharland

Type

BMC Genomics,Journal

Year

2012

Description

Pablo Peláez, Minerva S Trejo, Luis P Iñiguez, Georgina Estrada-Navarrete, Alejandra A Covarrubias, José L Reyes and Federico Sanchez; Identification and characterization of microRNAs in Phaseolus vulgaris by high-throughput sequencing

Country/Organization

Departamento de Biología Molecular de Plantas, Instituto de Biotecnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico

Type

Poster presentation /Inter Drought V,21-25 February 2017, Book of Abstracts, p156, abstract number 444.

Year

2017

Description

Pre-Field Screening for Heat Tolerant Mutants in Rice, Fatma Sarsu, Abdelbagi M.A. Ghanim, Priyanka Das, Rajeev Bahuguna, Kusolwa Paul Mbogo, Muhammad Ashraf, Sneh Lata Singla Pareek, Ashwani Pareek, Brian P. Forster, Ivan Ingelbrecht

Country/Organization

India

Type

Hubei Agricultural Sciences, 2016, Vol. 55(23):6061-6066

Year

2016

Description

Identification of Heat Resistance in Radiation Breed Hybrid Rice ? YOU 838, Wang Y, Gao P, Fu Y, He J, Sun Q, Huang M

Country/Organization

China

Type

Oral Presentation/International symposium on rice functional genomics. Page 66.

Year

2013

Description

Roy S, Kumari S, Singh P, Singla---Pareek SL, Pareek A (2013). A highly abundant, stress regulated rice cyclophilin (OsCyp2) confers multistress tolerance to evolutionary diverse organisms.

Country/Organization

Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)- INDIA

Type

Plant Signaling/Journal

Year

2013

Description

Sumita Kumari, Suchismita Roy, Prabhjeet Singh, Sneh L. Singla-Pareek and Ashwani Pareek (2013). Cyclophilins: Proteins in search of function.

Country/Organization

Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)- INDIA

Type

Poster presentation- 4th International Rice Congress, 27 October- 01 November 2014, Bangkok, Thailand. Book of Abstract, p 85

Year

2014

Description

Climate proofing of food crops: Genetic improvement for adaptation to high temperatures in drought prone areas and beyond. 4th International Rice Congress-SARSU, F., M., M., SPENCER, C. HAO, A. PAREEK, P., DAS and T., PADOLINA

Country/Organization

Bangkok, Thailand

Type

Cultivos Tropicales, 2016, vol. 37, no. 1 (enero-marzo)

Year

2016

Publication URL

https://ediciones.inca.edu.cu

Description

Evaluación de cultivares de arroz en diferentes zonas de producción arrocera de “Los Palacios”, Pinar del Río, para su utilización en programas de mejoramiento .Noraida de J. Pérez León, María C. González Cepero, Rodolfo I. Castro Menduiña y Manuel Aguilar.

Country/Organization

Cuba

Type

Paper, Scientia Agricultura Sinica. 48(1): 1-9 (doi: 10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2015.01.001)

Year

2015

Publication URL

http://caod.oriprobe.com/articles/44964172/Identification_and_Transition_Analysi…

Description

Identification and transition analysis of photo- /thermo-sensitive genic male sterile genes in two-line hybrid rice in China, Zhang H-L, Chen X-Y, Huang J-Z, E Z-G, Gong J-Y, Shu Q-Y

Country/Organization

China

Type

African Crop Science Journal 21: 265-281.

Year

2013

Description

Rao, I., S. Beebe, J. Polania, J. Ricaurte, C. Cajiao, R. García and M. Rivera; Can tepary bean be a model for improvement of drought resistance in common bean?

Country/Organization

Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT)- COLOMBIA

Type

Oral Presentation International symposium on rice functional genomics -INDIA

Year

2013

Description

Das P, Singla---Pareek SL and Pareek A. (2013) Characterization of gamma-ray induced rice mutant reveals the alteration in plant morphology, chloroplast structure, thylakoid organization and expression of transcripts involved

Country/Organization

Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)-INDIA

Type

Plant Soil 372: 3-25.

Year

2013

Description

Yang, Z., I. M. Rao and W. J. Horst. 2013. Interaction of aluminium and drought stress on root growth and crop yield on acid soils.

Country/Organization

Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT)- COLOMBIA

Type

Poster presentation Plant Abiotic Stress III. Congress 29 June- 1 July 2015, Vienna, Austria. Book of Abstract page 48.

Year

2015

Description

Sarsu, F., Ashraf M., Caridad M., Kusolwa, P., Kihupi L., Rajab M., and N. Yona (2015) Rapid Screening Methods for Heat Stress Tolerance of Mutant Rice in the face of Climate Change.

Country/Organization

Austria, Vienna

Type

Wageningen academic publisher. The Netherlands. ISBN: 978-90-8686-234-4. (in press)

Year

2013

Description

Priyanka Das, Manjari Mishra, Nita Lakra, Sneh L. Singla-Pareek (2013). Mutation Breeding: A Powerful Approach for Obtaining Abiotic Stress Tolerant Crops and Upgrading Food Security for Human Nutrition. In: Mutagenesis: exploring novel genes and pathways. Eds: Nasya Tomlekova, Imran Kozgar and Rafiq Wani.

Country/Organization

Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)-INDIA

Type

Paper- Molecular Breeding. 34: 1765-1776

Year

2014

Publication URL

https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s11032-014-0136-x.pdf

Description

Competitive amplification of differentially melting amplicons facilitates efficient genotyping of photoperiod- and temperature- sensitive genic male sterility in rice, Zhang H-L, Huang J-Z*, Chen X-Y, Tan Y-Y, Shu Q-Y*

Type

Plant Soil 364: 29-37.

Year

2013

Description

Devi, J. M., T. R. Sinclair, S. E. Beebe and I. M. Rao. 2013. Comparison of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genotypes for nitrogen fixation tolerance to soil drying.

Country/Organization

Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT)- COLOMBIA

Type

Oral Presentation, National Congress, XV Congress of Plant Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.

Year

2012

Description

Peláez et al. 2012 ; A conserved bZIP mRNA involved in the Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) is processed during common vean root nodule ontogeny

Country/Organization

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Type

Paper, Rice. 7: 13

Year

2014

Publication URL

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26055995

Description

Workable male sterility systems for hybrid rice: Genetics, biochemistry, molecular biology, and utilization. Huang J-Z, E Z-G, Zhang H-L, Shu Q-Y

Country/Organization

China

Type

Oral Presentation 16-19 April 2013, Jeju, Repulic of Korea 3rd International Conference on Genomics of Plant Genetic Resources Chemically and Physically Induced Mutants:

Year

2013

Description

Zhang H-L, Huang J-Z, Shu Q-Q, et al. An Overview of Molecular Nature and Prospect in Germplasm Innovation,

Country/Organization

Zhejiang University

Type

Oral Presentation - International symposium on rice functional genomics

Year

2013

Description

Das P, Singla---Pareek SL and Pareek A; Characterization of gamma-ray induced rice mutant reveals the alteration in plant morphology, chloroplast structure, thylakoid organization and expression of transcripts involved in chlorophyll biosynthesis. International symposium on rice functional genomics. Page 101

Country/Organization

Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)- INDIA

Type

Cultivos Tropicales, 2016, vol. 37, no. 1 (enero-marzo)

Year

2016

Publication URL

https://ediciones.inca.edu.cu

Description

Selección de genotipos de arroz de buen comportamiento agronómico en condiciones de bajo suministro de agua .María C. González Cepero y Anirebis Martínez Romero .

Country/Organization

Cuba

Type

The 7th International Crop Science Congress, August 14-19, 2016,

Year

2016

Description

Huang J-Z. Frequency and type of inheritable mutations induced by gamma rays in rice as revealed by whole genome sequencing.

Country/Organization

Beijing, China

Type

The development of International isotopes and Radiation processing Seminar

Year

2011

Description

Detection of the antioxidase genes Expressionin in Radiation Breeding rice? YOU 838 after Heat Treatment. Wang Y, Gao P, Huang M, Wu L, Du XY, Lei

Country/Organization

Shanghai, China

Type

Pak. J. Botany. Pak. J. Bot., 49(2): 453-463, 2017

Year

2017

Description

Heat shock induced morpho- physiological response in indica rice (Oryza sativa L.) at early seedling stage, Zafar, S. A., Hameed, A., Khan, A. S. and Ashraf, M. 2017.

Country/Organization

Pakistan

Type

Oral Presentation-International symposium on rice functional genomics. Page 66.

Year

2013

Description

Roy S, Kumari S, Singh P, Singla---Pareek SL, Pareek A (2013). A highly abundant, stress regulated rice cyclophilin (OsCyp2) confers multistress tolerance to evolutionary diverse organisms.

Country/Organization

Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)-INDIA

Type

Field Crops Research 148: 24-33.

Year

2013

Publication URL

http://yadda.icm.edu.pl/yadda/element/bwmeta1.element.elsevier-2881db22-4e43-3bd…

Description

Assefa, T., S. E. Beebe, I. M. Rao, J. B. Cuasquer, M. C. Duque, M. Rivera, A. Battisti, M. Lucchin. 2013. Pod harvest index as a selection criterion to improve drought resistance in white pea bean.

Country/Organization

Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT)-COLOMBIA

Type

Plant biotechnology and agriculture

Year

2012

Description

Heslop-Harrison JS, Schwarzacher T. Genetics and genomics of crop domestication :Prospects for the 21st century.

Country/Organization

Department of Biology/UK

Type

Turkish Journal of Field Crops 18: 73-77.

Year

2013

Publication URL

http://www.field-crops.org/assets/pdf/product5211c60894006.pdf

Description

Ghanbari, A. A., S. H. Mousavi, A. M. Gorji and I. Rao. 2013. Effects of water stress on leaves and seeds of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.).

Country/Organization

Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT)-COLOMBIA

Type

Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. pp. 847-889. Pessarakli M., Eds. CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, USA.

Year

2014

Description

Rao, I. M. Advances in improving adaptation of common bean and Brachiaria forage grasses to abiotic stress in the tropics.

Country/Organization

Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT)- COLOMBIA

Type

Paper-Molecular Breeding. 34: 481-489

Year

2014

Publication URL

http://person.zju.edu.cn/ShuQingYao/581979.html

Description

Characterization of an RNase Z nonsense mutation identified exclusively in environment-conditioned genic male sterile rice. Zhang H-L, Huang J-Z, Liu Q-L, Nawaz Z, Lu H-P, Gong J-Y, Zhu Y-J, Yan W, Shu Q-Y*

Country/Organization

China

Type

Oral Presentation - International Conference on Genomics of Plant Genetic Resources:Chemically and Physically Induced Mutants:, 16-19 April 2013Jeju, Repulic of Korea

Year

2013

Description

Zhang H-L, Huang J-Z, Shu Q-Q, et al. An Overview of Molecular Nature and Prospect in Germplasm Innovation

Country/Organization

Zhejiang University- China

Type

Plant Signal Behav. 2012 Nov 3;8(1). pii: e22734.

Year

2012

Description

Kumari S, Roy S, Singh P, Singla-Pareek SL, Pareek A.; Cyclophilins: Proteins in search of function.

Country/Organization

Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)-INDIA

Type

African Crop Science Journal 21: 265-281

Year

2013

Publication URL

http://www.ajol.info/index.php/acsj/article/viewFile/95291/84638

Description

Rao, I., S. Beebe, J. Polania, J. Ricaurte, C. Cajiao, R. García and M. Rivera. 2013. Can tepary bean be a model for improvement of drought resistance in common bean? .

Country/Organization

Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT)-COLOMBIA

Type

Paper- -Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences- 26:1387-1391

Year

2013

Description

Influences of Natural High-temperature Stress on Heat Resistance of Rice- Su P, Feng H, Chen H, Yang CM, Wu XB, Huang Q

Country/Organization

China

Type

Paper presented in the International Conference on Stress Biology and Biotechnology: Challenges & Management. Institute of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore, Pakistan. pp15.

Year

2014

Description

Screening for heat tolerance in rice (Oryza sativa L.) through morpho-physiological profiling, Zafar, S. A., Hameed, A., Ashraf, M. and Khan, A. S. 2014.

Country/Organization

Pakistan

Stay in touch

Newsletter