Nuclear Techniques for a Better Understanding of the Impact of Climate Change on Soil Erosion in Upland Agro-ecosystems

Closed for proposals

Project Type

Coordinated Research Project

Project Code

D15017

CRP

2038

Approved Date

3 September 2015

Status

Closed

Start Date

18 March 2016

Expected End Date

30 September 2021

Completed Date

3 December 2021

Participating Countries

Austria
Canada
China
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Italy
Madagascar
Morocco
New Zealand
Spain
Switzerland
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
United States of America

Description

Upland agro-ecosystems - defined as the less favoured higher altitude environments including areas with low soil quality and/or limited access to water - will face three major challenges related to food security and climate change in the coming decades:  increasing food production while protecting against soil erosion, adapting to climate change impact on soil resource, and contributing to climate change mitigation. This CRP aims to (i) develop combinations of nuclear techniques to assess impacts of changes on soil erosion, and (ii) distinguish and apportion impacts of climate variability and agricultural management on soil erosion in upland agro-ecosystems.Nuclear techniques including Fallout Radionuclides (FRNs) such as caesium-137 (137Cs), lead-210 (210Pb), beryllium-7 (7Be) and plutonium-239 and 240 (239+240Pu), Compound-Specific Stable Isotope (CSSI) techniques based on the measurement of carbon-13 (13C) natural abundance signatures of specific organic compounds (i.e. fatty acid) and Cosmic Ray Soil Moisture Neutron Probe (CRNP) will be used to fulfil these specific objectives.

Objectives

Improving existing nuclear techniques to contribute to a better understanding of the impact of climate change on soil degradation in upland agro-ecosystems

Specific objectives

Distinguish and apportion the impact of climate variability and agricultural management on soil resources in upland agro-ecosystems

Further development of nuclear techniques to assess the impacts of changes on soil erosion occurring in upland agro-ecosystems

Impact

The CRP has great impact on scientific community working on soil erosion and sustainable land management. During the lifetime of CRP there increased significantly interest in soil erosion research in many Member States. It can be demonstrated by increasing number of TC projects, during this period (mainly three great regional TC projects and several new national projects. Recently the number of TC projects is much greater than before this CRP.

Relevance

The CRP was relevant for developing methodological tools which are useful for providing background information needed for soil conservation policies and programmes for promoting sustainable agriculture of IAEA/FAO Member States.

CRP Publications

Type

peer-reviewed article

Year

2018

Publication URL

https://doi.org/10.1002/ldr.3016

Description

Mabit, L., Bernard, C., Lee Zhi Yi, A., Fulajtar, L., Dercon, G., Zaman, M., Toloza, A., Heng, L. (2018b). Promoting the use of isotopic techniques to combat soil erosion: an overview of the key role played by the SWMCN Subprogramme of the Joint FAO/IAEA Division over the last 20 years. Land Degradation & Development, 29, 3077–3091.

Country/Organization

FAO/IAEA; CAN

Type

peer-reviewed article

Year

2018

Publication URL

https://doi.org/10.1007/s11368-018-1957-8

Description

Altieri, V., De Franco, S., Lombardi, F., Marziliano P.A., Menguzzato, G., Porto, P. (2018). The role of silvicultural systems and forest types in preventing soil erosion processes in mountain forests: a methodological approach using cesium-137 measurements. Journal of Soils and Sediments.

Country/Organization

ITA

Type

peer-reviewed article

Year

2018

Publication URL

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.09.020

Description

Meusburger, K., Porto, P., Mabit, L., La Spada, C., Arata, L., Alewell, C. (2018). Excess Lead-210 and Plutonium-239+240: Two suitable radiogenic soil erosion tracers for mountain grassland sites. Environmental Research, 160, 195–202.

Country/Organization

SWI; ITA; FAO/IAEA

Type

IAEA TECDOC

Year

2018

Publication URL

https://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/Publications/PDF/TE-1845-WEB.pdf

Description

IAEA. (2018). Soil Moisture Mapping with a Portable Cosmic Ray Neutron Sensor. IAEA-TECDOC-1845. IAEA publication.

Country/Organization

IAEA

Type

peer-reviewed article

Year

2016

Publication URL

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0265931X15301521

Description

Rabesiranana, N., Rasolonirina, M., Solonjara, A.F., Ravoson, H.N., Raoelina Andriambololona, Mabit, L. (2016). Assessment of soil redistribution rates by 137Cs and 210Pbex in a typical Malagasy agricultural field. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 152, 112–118.

Country/Organization

MAG; FAO/IAEA

Type

Open source Springer methodological handbook

Year

2019

Publication URL

https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-10982-0

Description

Mabit, L., Blake, W. (Eds.) (2019). Assessing Recent Soil Erosion Rates through the Use of Beryllium-7 (Be-7). Springer, Cham

Country/Organization

Springer (international publisher)

Type

peer-reviewed article

Year

2017

Publication URL

https://doi.org/10.5194/soil-3-113-2017.

Description

Arata, L., Meusburger, K., Bürge, A., Zehringer, M., Ketterer, M.E., Mabit, L., Alewell, C. (2017). Decision support for the selection of reference sites using 137Cs as soil erosion tracer. SOIL, 3, 113–122.

Country/Organization

SWI; FAO/IAEA

Type

peer-reviewed article

Year

2017

Publication URL

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2017.07.009

Description

Alewell, C., Pitois, A., Meusburger, K., Ketterer, M., Mabit, L. (2017). 239+240Pu from “contaminant” to soil erosion tracer: Where do we stand?. Earth-Science Reviews, 172, 107–123.

Country/Organization

SWI; FAO/IAEA

Type

peer-reviewed article

Year

2016

Publication URL

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.06.035

Description

Meusburger, K., Mabit, L., Ketterer, M., Park, J.H., Sandor, T., Porto, P., Alewell, C. (2016). A multi-radionuclide approach to evaluate the suitability of 239+240Pu as soil erosion tracer. Science of the Total Environment, 566-567, 1489–1499.

Country/Organization

SWI; ITA; FAO/IAEA

Type

peer-reviewed article

Year

2019

Publication URL

https://doi.org/10.1007/s11368-018-2205-y

Description

Khodadadi, M., Mabit, L., Zaman, M., Porto, P., Gorji, M. (2019). Using 137Cs and 210Pbex measurements to explore the effectiveness of soil conservation measures in semi-arid lands: a case study in the Kouhin region of Iran. Journal of Soils and Sediments.

Country/Organization

IRA; FAO/IAEA; ITA

Type

peer-reviewed article

Year

2018

Publication URL

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2017.12.008

Description

Mabit, L., Gibbs, M., Mbaye, M., Meusburger, K., Toloza, A., Resch, C., Klik, A., Swales, A., Alewell, C. (2018a). Novel application of a Compound Specific Stable Isotope (CSSI) technique to investigate on-site sediment origins across arable fields. Geoderma, 316, 19–26.

Country/Organization

FAO/IAEA; AUS; NZE; SWI

Type

peer-reviewed article

Year

2018

Publication URL

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apradiso.2017.06.048

Description

Iurian, A.R., Millward, G.E., Sima, O., Taylor, A., Blake, W. (2018). Self-attenuation corrections for Pb-210 in gamma-ray spectrometry using well and coaxial HPGe detectors. Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 134, 151–156.

Country/Organization

UK

Type

IAEA TECDOC

Year

2019

Description

IAEA. (2019). Guidelines for Sediment Tracing Using Compound Specific Carbon Stable Isotope Technique. IAEA TECDOC-1881.

Country/Organization

IAEA

Type

peer-reviewed article

Year

2018

Publication URL

https://doi.org/10.1002/ldr.2815

Description

Porto, P., Walling, D.E., Callegari, G. (2018). Using repeated 137Cs and 210Pbex measurements to establish sediment budgets for different time windows and explore the effect of connectivity on soil erosion rates in a small experimental catchment in Southern Italy. Land Degradation & Development.

Country/Organization

ITA; UK

Type

peer-reviewed article

Year

2016

Publication URL

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvrad.2016.05.008

Description

Arata, L., Meusburger, K., Frenkel, E., A’Campo-Neuen, A., Iurian, A.R., Ketterer, M.E., Mabit, L., Alewell, C. (2016a). Modelling Deposition and Erosion rates with RadioNuclides (MODERN) - Part 1: a new conversion model to derive soil redistribution rates from inventories of fallout radionuclides. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 162-163, 45–55.

Country/Organization

SWI; FAO/IAEA

Type

FAO Methodological handbook

Year

2017

Description

Fulajtar, E., Mabit, L., Renschler, C.S., Lee Zhi Yi, A. (2017). Use of 137Cs for soil erosion assessment. 76 pages. FAO Publication, Rome. ISBN: 978-92-5-130050-3.

Country/Organization

FAO

Type

peer-reviewed article

Year

2016

Publication URL

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvrad.2016.06.026

Description

Porto, P., Walling, D.E., Cogliandro, V., Callegari, G. (2016). Exploring the potential for using 210Pbex measurements within a re-sampling approach to document recent changes in soil redistribution rates within a small catchment in southern Italy. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 164, 158–168.

Country/Organization

ITA; UK

Type

peer-reviewed article

Year

2016

Publication URL

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvrad.2016.05.009

Description

Arata, L., Alewell, C., Frenkel, E., A’Campo-Neuen, A., Iurian, A.R., Ketterer, M.E., Mabit, L., Meusburger, K. (2016b). Modelling Deposition and Erosion rates with RadioNuclides (MODERN) - Part 2: A comparison of different models to convert 239+240Pu inventories into soil redistribution rates at unploughed sites. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 162-163, 97–106.

Country/Organization

SWI; FAO/IAEA

Type

peer-reviewed article

Year

2016

Publication URL

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvrad.2016.04.025

Description

Taylor, A., Keith-Roach, M.J., Iurian, A.R., Mabit, L., Blake, W.H. (2016). Temporal variability of beryllium-7 fallout in southwest UK. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 160, 80–86.

Country/Organization

UK; FAO/IAEA

Type

peer-reviewed article

Year

2018

Publication URL

https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-30905-9

Description

Blake, W., Boeckx, P., Stock, B., Smith, H.G., Bode, S., Upadahayay, H.R., Gaspar, L., Goddard, R., Lennard, A., Lizaga, I., Lobb, D., Owens, P.N., Petticrew, E., Kuzyk, Z.Z., Gari, B., Munishi, L., Mtei, K., Munishi, L., Nebiyu, A., Mabit, L., Navas, A., Semmens, B., Lizaga, I. (2018). A deconvolutional Bayesian mixing model approach for river basin sediment source apportionment. Scientific Reports, 8:13073.

Country/Organization

UK; SPA; FAO/IAEA

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