The primary role of the Department of Safeguards is to deter the proliferation of nuclear weapons. It does so in two ways: by providing credible assurances that States are honouring their international obligations, thus helping to build international confidence, and by being able to detect early any misuse of nuclear material or technology, thereby alerting the world to potential proliferation.
To do so, the Department applies various technical measures referred to as ‘safeguards’ to verify the correctness and the completeness of the declarations made by States about their nuclear material and activities. IAEA safeguards are an essential component of the international security system.
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Communication dated 5 March 2014 received from the Permanent Mission of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the Agency regarding the Report of the Director General on the Implementation of Safeguards in Iran