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Training in Fruit Fly Detection for Balkans and Eastern Mediterranean

Jun 24, 2013

RER/5/018 “Supporting Fruit Fly Pest Prevention and Management in the Balkans and the Eastern Mediterranean”

Regional Training Course on Fruit Fly Detection for Balkans and Eastern Mediterranean, 6-10 May 2013, Adana, Turkey


In parts of the Balkans and the Eastern Mediterranean, the Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata) causes major damage to fruit and vegetable production. This pest also causes problems in international fruit and vegetables trading due to quarantine regulations imposed by some countries, and maximum insecticide residues limits allowed by others. The recent introduction of exotic fruit fly species in North Africa and the Middle East poses a high threat to fruits and vegetable production of the Balkan and Eastern Mediterranean since this region is subject to a high risk of introduction of the above exotic fruit fly species. The invasive exotic pests include among others highly virulent species such as the peach fruit fly, Bacrocera zonata, and the species of the oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis complex species.

As part of the efforts to address this regional issue, this Training Course was organized by the International Atomic Energy Agency in collaboration with the Government of Turkey through the Biological Control Research Station.

Demonstration of a trap set up during a practical exercise of the RER/5/018 Regional Training Course (Adana, Turkey, May 2013)

Trap deployment during a practical exercise of the RER/5/018
Regional Training Course (Adana, Turkey, May 2013)


The Regional Training Course aimed at improving basic skills and competencies on: (1) surveillance and baseline data collection to plan integrated fruit fly management activities including SIT application; and (2) field monitoring techniques used in fruit fly detection and control programmes, including trapping materials for adult surveys, as well as levels of infestation by fruit fly larvae.

Activities & Outcome

The course was attended by a total of 22 participants from 12 Member States (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Georgia, Greece, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Slovenia, and Turkey).

The course addressed the following aspects:

  • Fruit fly biology and ecology
  • Sexual behaviour and attractants
  • Detection procedures
  • Regulatory procedures
  • Suppression and eradication procedures
  • Technical visit to citrus production area where some good agricultural practices are in place, such as sanitation, protein bait sprays, Mediterranean fruit fly monitoring and mass trapping.
  • Technical visit to a parasitoids rearing facility
  • Practical exercise to set up traps for early detection of methyl-eugenol responding Bactrocera species such as B. invadens and B. zonata.

A protocol on trapping was developed based on the existing action plans for possible outbreaks of Bactrocera zonata and Bactrocera invadens. This protocol, a key achievement of the Training Course, will serve as guide to harmonize early detection and rapid reaction procedures in the participating Member States.


Responsible/Contact: Department of Technical Cooperation | Last update: 10 Apr, 2015

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