Oct 9, 2009
The national project ANG/5/007, Improvement and Veterinary Assistance to Local Small Breeds, focuses on small ruminant production. The objective of this project is to encourage the sustainable improvement of small-scale livestock production systems, especially for Persian sheep shown in Fig. 1, which is the typical breed in southern Angola. The Blackhead Persian is a fat-tailed breed of domestic sheep that has a white body and, as their name would suggest, an entirely black head.
Through the technical cooperation with IAEA, the Veterinary Research Institute was able to provide for the first time a lot of 23 Persian ewes to small keepers in Southern Angola, as a form of contribution in the government restocking programme. Many of other activities are being conducting, namely for forage and pastures improvements taking in account the characteristic feeding habits of goat and sheep such as in semi desert areas of Namibe province.
Veterinary Research Institute’s Animal Production and Research Units receive veterinary assistance from the laboratory, especially for the diagnosis of parasitic diseases such as mange, nematodes and tape-worms. These are of economical importance during the rain fall season.
The Veterinary Research Institute’s five Laboratories are engaged in animal diseases survey for trypanosomiasis, brucellosis, tuberculosis, contagious bovine pneumonia, and parasitic diseases. In the past, because of the protracted civil war, many diseases were confined in their out break patterns however, today because of the prevailing peace and ease of movement, these disease outbreaks are more widely spread in their distribution. The surveys conducted this year show the following disease prevalence in affected herds: 5 – 10% for dermatophilosis, 1 – 4 % for lumpy skin diseases and 2 – 8 for contagious bovine pneumonia. These data will progressively help the Angolan Veterinary Services establish the distribution maps of economical and transboundary diseases in order to reinforce medical and sanitary measures of control.
The up-to-date quality and diversity of equipment and material used in the Veterinary Research Institute laboratories in general facilitate all the activities of diagnosis and research carried out by the different specialized teams in parasitology, serology, bacteriology and anatomical pathology.
The implementation of project ANG/5/007 in connection with other projects and activities supported by IAEA has been extremely encouraging and has motivated the Veterinary Research Institute to increase its activities in order to have major participation in food production and security and alleviation of poverty in Angola.