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The International Chernobyl Project: Technical Report (Russian edition)

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Russian STI/PUB/885 92-0-400192-5
131.00 1992

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The International Chernobyl Project was launched in 1990 at the request of the Government of the USSR to assess the environmental and health situation in the areas of the Soviet Union contaminated by the Chernobyl accident and to evaluate the measures taken by the authorities to safeguard the health of the population still living in these areas. Some 200 scientists from 25 countries and 7 international and regional organizations participated in this Project. An International Advisory Committee was set up to oversee the Project and approve its conclusions and recommendations. Almost 50 missions to the USSR were carried out in order to obtain the best available information and to make an independent assessment of the situation.
The results of the International Chernobyl Project are presented in two main documents: The full Technical Report, which contains, in addition to the conclusions and recommendations of the Project, all the relevant methodologies and the data upon which they are based, and the Overview, which gives a summary of the methodologies presented in the Technical Report together with the conclusions and recommendations. While the Technical Report is intended for the scientific community, the Overview is intended for decision makers, concerned groups and the informed public. Three maps showing the distribution of surface ground contamination by plutonium, strontium and caesium released by the Chernobyl accident and deposited in the Byelorussian SSR, the Russian SFSR and the Ukraine are attached to the Overview. A third document, containing the proceedings of an International Conference which took place in Vienna in May 1991, presents the Project results to the scientific community and to the media. The Proceedings should be read in conjunction with either the Overview or the Technical Report.
Contents: Part A. Introduction; Part B. Broadening understanding; Part C. Historical portrayal; Part D. Environmental contamination; Part E. Radiation exposure of the population; Part F. Health impact; Part G. Protective measures; Part H. Conclusions and recommendations; Annex I: 137Cs and 90Sr contamination levels; Annex II: Questions put to experts.

20 October 2016
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Food safety and quality Food and Environmental Protection Section

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17 - 18 October 2016, Vienna, Austria. Conference Code: IAEA-DX-TM-53560. This Technical Workshop aimed to promote and share knowledge and experience related to remediation of radioactive contamination in agriculture.

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An appreciation of developments in this area will greatly improve emergency preparedness related to food and agricultural production in Member States. It will also support efforts to re-establish agricultural trade from areas currently affected by residual levels of radionuclides.

This Technical Workshop aimed at officials responsible for food and agriculture, nuclear safety or emergency planning and response. Professionals and academics involved in the remediation of radioactive contamination also participated.

The two day event was hosted by the Joint FAO/IAEA Centre of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture (“the Joint Centre”) in collaboration with Japan’s National Agriculture and Food Research Organization (NARO).

Participants provided high quality contributions related to remediation in the technical sessions concerning:
1. Agricultural Land and Water
2. Plant and Crop Products
3. Animals and Animal Feeds
4. Food and Commodities (Post-Harvest).

Participants Presentations:

Plenary Session
Technical overview of key agricultural events since the nuclear power plant accident in 2011 [pdf] -
Mr. Nobuhisa Koga Kyusyu, Okinawa Agricultural Research Center National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, Japan.

Main highlights on Chernobyl over 30 years and current situation [pdf] -
Ms. Brenda Howard, Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Lancaster Environment Centre, UK.

Control of Radionuclides in Food and Agriculture [pdf] -
Mr. Gerd Dercon, Joint FAO/IAEA Centre of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, International Atomic Energy Agency.

Technical Session 1 - AGRICULTURE LAND & WATER
Dynamics of radioactive cesium in agro-environment [pdf]
Ms. Noriko Yamaguchi, Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, Japan.

National experience in remediation of contaminated farmlands after the Chernobyl accident [pdf]
Mr. Valerii Kashparov, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences, Ukraine.

Development of physical topsoil removal techniques and machines for farmland decontamination [pdf]
Mr.Sumihiko Miyahara, Institute of Agricultural Machinery, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, Japan.

Integrated approaches for a better understanding and modeling of radionuclides transfers along the soil-soil solution plant continuum [pdf]
Ms. Pascale Henner, Institute of Radio-protection and Nuclear Safety, France.

Technical Session 2 - PLANTS & CROP PRODUCTS
Mitigation of radioactive cesium transfer from soil to plant [pdf]
Mr. Takuro Shinano, Tohoku Agricultural Research Center, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, Japan.

Phyto-management of contaminated land: science, technology and context [pdf]
Ms Hildegarde Vandenhove, Belgian Nuclear Research Centre - Institute for Environment Health and Safety, Belgium.

DEMETERRES, A collaborative project for the remediation of agronomic soils contaminated with cesium [pdf]
Mr. Alain Vavasseur, French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France.

Growth and radiocaesium accumulation of Brassica rapa L. var. perviridis grown in three different caesium-contaminated Fukushima soils as influenced by potassium solubilizing bacteria inoculation [pdf]
Mr. Roland Rallos, Philippine Nuclear Research Institute, Philippines.

Physiology of Cs uptake by rice [pdf]
Mr. Shinichiro Uematsu, Belgian Nuclear Research Center (SCK-CEN), Belgium.

Technical Session 3 - ANIMALS AND ANIMAL FEEDS
Radioactive cesium contamination of grassland [pdf]
Ms. Yasuko Togamura, Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, Japan.

The basics of animal production under conditions of radioactive contamination [pdf]
Mr. Viktar Averyn, Biology Department of Gomel State University, Belarus.

The influence of the season on the levels of activities in crops following a short-term deposition of radionuclides to agricultural land [pdf]
Mr. Gerhard Proehl, Division of Radiation, Transport and Waste Safety, International Atomic Energy Agency.

Radioactivity monitoring and emergency preparedness in meat and animal feeds in Austria [pdf]
Mr. Christian Katzlberger, Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety (AGES), Austria.

Radioactive cesium dynamics during food processing [pdf]
Ms. Mayumi Hachinohe, Food Research Institute, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, Japan.

Food management following the Chernobyl Accident [pdf]
Mr. Mikhail Balonov, Research Institute of Radiation Hygiene, Russian Federation.

Countermeasures on agricultural areas after the Chernobyl and Fukushima accident [pdf]
Ms. Vanessa Durand, Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety (IRSN), France.

Radiation monitoring of contaminated foodstuffs in Poland after the Chernobyl accident [pdf]
Mr. Dawid Frencel, National Atomic energy Agency (PAA), Poland.

Remediation Strategies for Radioactive Contamination of Agricultural Environment toward Food Safety in Pakistan [pdf]
Mr. Ihsanullah Ihsanullah, Nuclear Institute for Food & Agriculture (NIFA), Pakistan.

Technical Session 5 - SOCIO-ECONOMIC ASPECTS
Current and past situation of disaster area in Fukushima [pdf]
Mr. Yuzo Manpuku, Central region Agricultural Research Center, National Agriculture and Research Organization, Japan.

Chernobyl: Socio-economic and environmental impacts and prospects [pdf]
Mr. Martin Krause, Division for Europe, Department of Technical Cooperation, International Atomic Energy Agency.

Job structures of farm households and direction to restoring farming in disaster area [pdf]
Mr. Akihisa Nonaka, Tohoku Agricultural Research Center, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, Japan.







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