Radioactive waste

Vol. 34-3

September 1992

Wide variations in the development and use of nuclear energy are evident in developing countries. A few have or are pursuing partial or complete nuclear fuel cycle activities. Eleven developing countries have nuclear power plants with a total installed capacity of 8600 megawatts-electric (MWe). Because of the increasing demand for electrical energy, more developing countries would like to have nuclear power. But most of them are constrained by lack of finances and technical expertise. Some have research reactors, and a few have uranium mining and milling operations. Most developing countries are using nuclear energy for applications in fields of medicine, agriculture, industry, and research. From all these uses, radioactive waste is produced that must be managed safely and efficiently. Increasingly in recent years, countries have turned to the IAEA for technical assistance and waste management services to address serious problems they are facing. 1 map

Disposal of spent fuel and high-level radioactive waste: Building international consensus

Radioactive waste management: An international perspective

Management of radioactive wastes in developing countries: Growing needs

Improving the management of spent radiation sources

Inventory of radioactive material entering the marine environment

Radioactive waste management in Eastern Europe

Burning of actinides: A complementary waste management option?

The OMEGA programme in Japan: A base for international co-operation

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