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Nithiyaa Nilamani (Malaysia), 4th International Symposium on the Ocean in a High-CO2 World, 3-6 may 2016, Hobart, Australia

"My sincere thanks to the OA-ICC for making it possible for me to present my research at the 4th International Symposium on the Ocean in a High-CO2 World. During the symposium, there were exchange of many experiences, suggestions and opinions with experts that would be very beneficial for the advancement of OA study to the newbie countries like Malaysia. It also gave me an opportunity to make new friends, renew old acquaintances and discuss potential collaboration.”


Abed El Rahman HASSOUN (Lebanon), 3rd GOA-ON Science Workshop, 8-10 May 2016, Hobart, Australia

"OA-ICC [...] provided for me the opportunity to present my research work to the international ocean research community, to meet experts and colleagues from all over the world and discuss with them about my results, share ideas and build a strong network with peers for future scientific collaborations."

Economics of ocean acidification: bridging the gap between ocean acidification impacts and economic valuation



This series of workshops is jointly organized by the Scientific Centre of Monaco (CSM) and the Environment Laboratories of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). It benefits from the strong support of the government of Monaco and a number of international partners.


Third International Workshop: "Ocean acidification impacts on coastal communities", Oceanographic Museum, Monaco, 12-14 January 2015



The third edition of the workshop covered the impacts of ocean acidification on coastal communities. It brought together more than 50 participants from a range of different backgrounds: natural sciences, economics, sociology, industry, government and policy making.

The 2015 workshop was structured around five main topics: coastal communities dependent on fisheries and aquaculture; coral reef and marine-based tourism under environmental change; modelling of biological, economic and sociological impacts; potential societal action and adaptation; governance, governments and legislation.

Useful resources





Ocean Acidification Impacts on Coastal Communities - Report of the Third International Workshop "Bridging the Gap between Ocean Acidification and Economic Valuation", 12-14 January 2015, Monaco




Second International Workshop: "Economics of ocean acidification. Impacts on fisheries and aquaculture", Oceanographic Museum, Monaco, 11-13 November 2012


The second edition of the workshop aimed to provide policymakers with recommendations to prepare for social and economic impacts from ocean acidification on livelihoods, trade and food supply from ocean resources.

Fisheries and aquaculture in oceans and seas will be assessed regionally to assist coastal communities in preparing for future changes to the abundance and distribution of living resources.

The focus of the workshop was on fisheries and aquaculture, and regional aspects of species vulnerability and socio-economic adaptation. It was a fundamental tenet of the supporters of this workshop that the best available scientific information could be used to make decisions to improve human society and the deteriorated condition of the ocean environment.

Participants in the workshop assessed potential economic impacts and summarized information to assist policy-makers, resource managers and communities in developing decision pathways in response to ocean acidification. The purpose of this workshop was to provide information on the risk posed by ocean acidification to markets and consumers dependent upon seafood and trade of marine resources, and suggest viable options to mediate impacts on marine harvests and other coastal human activities.

ECONOMICS OF OCEAN ACIDIFICATION: brochure with conclusions and recommendations (CSM, IAEA)

Full report and draft chapters


Disclaimer: The chapters listed below are the work of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views, opinions or position of the IAEA.





First International Workshop: "Economics of ocean acidification", Oceanographic Museum, Monaco, 16-18 November 2010


Following the recommendations of the Monaco Declaration, the first edition of the workshop brought together fifteen economists, fifteen scientists, and ten representatives from international organizations in Monaco to initiate a discussion aiming to define the future socioeconomic impacts of Ocean Acidification.

The workshop thus formed the first real multidisciplinary meeting on ocean acidification with the purpose of delivering accurate messages to the policy makers in order to deal with the issue in a timely manner as to minimize both the biodiversity and human costs.

The workshop discussed organisms and systems likely to be affected by ocean acidification and the biological and socio-economic importance of such impacts. The consequences for the human well-being were addressed from three main thematic angles: natural resources and management, fisheries and aquaculture, and tourism.