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Nithiyaa Nilamani (Malaysia), 4th International Symposium on the Ocean in a High-CO2 World, 3-6 may 2016, Hobart, Australia

"My sincere thanks to the OA-ICC for making it possible for me to present my research at the 4th International Symposium on the Ocean in a High-CO2 World. During the symposium, there were exchange of many experiences, suggestions and opinions with experts that would be very beneficial for the advancement of OA study to the newbie countries like Malaysia. It also gave me an opportunity to make new friends, renew old acquaintances and discuss potential collaboration.


Abed El Rahman HASSOUN (Lebanon), 3rd GOA-ON Science Workshop, 8-10 May 2016, Hobart, Australia

"OA-ICC [...] provided for me the opportunity to present my research work to the international ocean research community, to meet experts and colleagues from all over the world and discuss with them about my results, share ideas and build a strong network with peers for future scientific collaborations."


Since the beginning of the industrial revolution, the ocean has absorbed about one third of the carbon dioxide (CO2) released by human activities. This results in ocean acidification, often referred to as "the other CO2 problem", alongside global warming.

Ocean acidification is a change in sea water chemistry; CO2 reacts with water molecules (H2O) and forms the weak acid H2CO3 (carbonic acid). It is estimated that if CO2 continues to be released at the same rate as today, ocean acidity will increase by 170% compared to pre-industrial levels. The changes are happening at least 10 times faster than at any moment in the geological past.

Source: NRC

The biological impacts of ocean acidification are still poorly understood. One of the most likely consequences is the slower growth of organisms forming calcareous skeletons or shells, such as corals and mollusks.


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