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Laura Ramajo (Chile), COP20, Lima, December 2014

"I was able to participate in the exhibition stand under the slogan HOT, SOUR AND BREATHLESS sponsored by the Plymouth Marine Lab (UK), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Scripps Institution of Oceanography and CMBC (USA), and Centro de Investigación e Innovación para el Cambio Climático (CIICC) of Universidad Santo Tomás (Chile). Delegates and observers from around the world heard about how the increase in atmospheric CO2 is warming, acidifying and de-oxygenating the oceans with the respective ecologic, social and economic consequences."

Abed El Rahman HASSOUN (Lebanon), SOLAS Summer School 2013

"OA-ICC [...] provided for me the opportunity to present my research work to the international ocean research community, to meet experts and colleagues from all over the world and discuss with them about my results, share ideas and build a strong network with peers for future scientific collaborations."

The human dimension: collaboration between natural and social sciences

(c) IAEA

Focal points:
Mr Jelle Bijma, Alfred-Wegener-Institute Helmholtz Centre for polar and marine research, Germany
Ms Sarah Cooley, Ocean Conservancy, USA


Promote interactions between natural and social sciences as an important step towards understanding the impacts of ocean acidification on human society, and developing mitigation and adaptation strategies.

Our approach

  • International workshops bridging the gap between ocean acidification impacts and economic valuation

    The best available scientific information on ocean acidification must be used by stakeholders to make decisions aimed at improving marine ecosystems and human society. In response to recommendations of several policy briefs, including the Monaco Declaration signed by 155 scientists in 2008, an effort to bridge the gap between ocean acidification impacts and economic valuation was jointly initiated in 2010 by the IAEA and the Centre Scientifique de Monaco. A first international workshop, organized in November 2010, provided an opening venue for natural scientists and economists to build solid linkages between these two communities. The conclusions and recommendations were summarized in a brochure for decision makers.

    A follow-up workshop took place on 11-13 November 2012 and aimed at providing policymakers with recommendations to prepare for social and economic impacts of ocean acidification on livelihoods, trade and food supply from ocean resources. This workshop focused on fisheries and aquaculture, and regional aspects of species vulnerability and socio-economic adaptation. More information.

    The third edition of the workshop took place in Monaco on 12-14 January 2015 and ran under the title "Ocean acidification impacts on coastal communities". It gathered over 50 participants with diverse backgrounds: natural sciences, social sciences, government representatives, NGOs, and the private sector. The workshop focused on five main thematic areas: fisheries and aquaculture, tourism, modelling, societal impacts / adaptation and legislation and governance. More detailed information.

    Fore more information and resulting documents please go to the socio-economics workshops page.

  • International workshop broadened to include social sciences other than economics

    Collaborative work on ocean acidification between natural scientists and economists has only just begun, but it is essential to broaden the approach and to include other social sciences besides economics from the beginning (e.g. political science, sociology and law). An international workshop bringing together these communities is being planned for early 2015, in partnership with the organizers of the prior two workshops bridging natural science and economic studies of ocean acidification.

Useful resources