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Construction Progresses on Bangladesh's First Nuclear Power Plant

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Bangladesh’s nuclear power plant, being built in Rooppur, about 160 kilometers northwest of the capital, will have the capacity to generate 2400 megawatts of electricity. (Photo: L. Gil/IAEA)

Dhaka and Rooppur, Bangladesh — As 2019 starts, authorities in Bangladesh have presented in Vienna this week their progress towards nuclear power at a Technical Meeting on Topical Issues in the Development of Nuclear Power Infrastructure, with more than one hundred participants from 40 IAEA Member States. 

This country of 160 million plans to produce 9% of its electricity from nuclear power and reduce its dependence on fossil fuels by the middle of the next decade when both reactors of the new power plant will have gone into operation.

“By 2040 we estimate that Bangladesh will need to generate about 78 000 megawatt of electricity in a high-demand scenario and about 69 000 in a low one, and nuclear power will play a significant role,” said Mohammad Shawkat Akbar, Project Director of the nuclear power plant construction project and Managing Director of Nuclear Power Plant Company Bangladesh Limited, an enterprise of the Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission (BAEC).

This, Akbar said, is according to the revised Power System Master Plan for Bangladesh from 2016. “We are confident that the first unit will be commissioned in 2023 and the second in 2024,” he said.

The plant, being built in Rooppur, about 160 kilometers northwest of the capital, will have the capacity to generate 2400 megawatts of electricity.

The construction project is being implemented by a subsidiary of Russia’s State Atomic Energy Corporation ROSATOM. It is high on the Bangladeshi government’s agenda, all the way up to the Prime Minister’s office.

Bangladesh is expected to be one of the countries to suffer the most from climate change. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) anticipates that sea level rise from climate change is expected to subsume a large portion of its coastal land by 2080.

The government has designed several national policies and actions to adapt to this threat. These focus on food security and health, as well as on energy security — an area where the construction of the nuclear power plant in Rooppur, which is not in coastal land, is expected to help.

“All site-specific conditions, including protection from flooding and earthquakes, had to be addressed before getting the relevant licenses,” said Naiyyum Choudhury, Chairman of the Bangladesh Atomic Energy Regulatory Authority.

Bangladesh, a country of 160 million, plans to produce 9% of its electricity from nuclear power and reduce its dependence on fossil fuels by the middle of the next decade. (Photo: L. Gil/IAEA)

IAEA help

Since Bangladesh expressed interest in embarking on a nuclear power programme, the IAEA has been assisting the country through its technical cooperation programme and Peaceful Uses Initiative. This support includes assistance with reviewing nuclear laws, preparing for adhering to international legal instruments, developing and reviewing regulations, assessing sites and developing a radioactive waste management system.

“A big challenge in such a complex project is building capacities,” Akbar said. “And this is an area where the IAEA can immensely help.” Several IAEA review missions, workshops, training courses and scientific visits have supported in building national capacity and nuclear knowledge. In 2018 alone, right after the construction of the power plant began, the IAEA technical cooperation programme organized six group scientific visits to the country to provide support in quality assurance, construction materials management and testing, and emergency planning, among others.

The IAEA will continue to support the country in the areas of safety, regulatory framework, management, human resource development, security, safeguards and emergency planning. This is what participants agreed during a consultancy meeting held in Vienna last month between IAEA and Bangladeshi officials to review progress made and plan further support in 2019-2021.

In November 2011, the IAEA conducted an Integrated Nuclear Infrastructure Review (INIR) of the country, making recommendations on how to develop a plan to establish the nuclear infrastructure. Nearly five years later, in May 2016, a follow-up mission of experts noted the progress made: Bangladesh had established a nuclear regulatory body, chosen a site for the power plant and completed the site characterization and environmental impact assessment.

“Our assistance to embarking countries is small, but strategic,” said John Haddad, a nuclear engineer at the IAEA. “We provide capacity building through scientific visits, fellowships, and training courses; we provide guidance, documents, review missions and offer a platform for them to share experiences.”

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