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China Trains Nuclear Engineers from Nuclear Newcomer Countries – IAEA Facilitates Selection Process

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Students of the nuclear engineering programme in China are learning how to detect radiation with appropriate instruments. (Photo: M. Gaspar/IAEA)

Harbin, China – Thirty-five master’s and PhD students from Africa and South Asia received scholarships under China’s Atomic Energy Scholarship (AES) Programme last year to study at the country’s largest nuclear engineering school, part of Harbin Engineering University (HEU). Under an agreement between the China Atomic Energy Authority and the IAEA to assist emerging nuclear power countries, the IAEA facilitates the application process and pays the students’ airfare, while the Chinese government covers tuition and living expenses. The programme began in 2012 and has been in full swing since 2017. The application process for the 2019-2020 academic year is now under way.

 “You can study nuclear sciences in Ghana, but there are limited experimental laboratories to carry out research related to nuclear power plants,” said Michael Kwaku Annor-Nyarko, a PhD student, who arrived at Harbin Engineering University this past September to research the health management of reactor systems. He works for Ghana’s nuclear regulator and is expected to play an expert role in the licensing and oversight of his country’s planned nuclear power programme. Before enrolling at Harbin, he had studied engineering, physics and computational nuclear science in Ghana, but had never seen a nuclear reactor in operation.

With 45 nuclear power reactors in operation, 11 under construction and dozens more in various stages of planning, nuclear education is a top priority in China. “Nuclear is part of the country’s answer to both surging energy demand and the threats of climate change,” said Zhijian Zhang, Vice-President of the university. “And while we are at it, we want to extend support to students from developing countries that can benefit from our expertise.”

The students will learn the basics of nuclear engineering and also familiarize themselves with uniquely Chinese methods and technology, said Mr Zhang, who is also the Vice President of the Chinese Nuclear Society. The international students study in English and are also enrolled in Chinese language classes. They study all aspects of nuclear engineering, with a special focus on power plants and radiation protection. The school is equipped with various practice rooms, including a full-scale nuclear power simulation center, a sodium fast reactor simulation system and a virtual reality lab, which allow students to learn hands on the operation of nuclear power reactors.

Due to the varying levels of the students’ scientific background when they arrive, the initial courses are tailored to meet their individual needs and level, explained Puzhen Gao, Vice Dean of the College of Nuclear Science and Technology.

Here, students are learning how to operate a nuclear reactor in a virtual reality teaching laboratory. They are using reactor 1 of Qinshan, the first ever reactor in China, as a model. (Photo: M. Gaspar/IAEA)

The programme began under a technical cooperation project, helping to increase its capacity in research and development, education and training. As of the 2017, between 35 and 40 new students are financed each year under the Atomic Energy Scholarship, which aims at “providing financial support to outstanding students, technicians and administrators from emerging nuclear power application countries to study in China.”

The IAEA’s role, besides funding travel, is to help, through its established national networks, to channel the right candidates into the programme, said Gashaw Wolde, Programme Management Officer at the IAEA. “We have the right contacts, the right institutional partners in the countries new to nuclear energy.”

During the programme, students learn how to perform fault detection and analysis and provide remote emergency support through simulation exercises. (Photo: M. Gaspar/IAEA)

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