Ukraine: The 45th Anniversary of INIS
This article discusses the cooperation between the Ukrainian INIS Center and the INIS Secretariat since 1973. The Ukrainian INIS Center is a unit within the Institut for Nuclear Research, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (Kyiv). The Center carries out the goals of INIS: compiling information in the field of nuclear science and technology, processing selected publications as per INIS regulations, distributing NCL from the INIS database, and statistical and semantic analyses.
Out of 130 Member States and 24 international organizations, the Ukrainian INIS Center continuously ranks among the top 10 to 12 countries for the amount of annual input submitted.
According to the order of the Presidium of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences in June 1973, the Institute for Nuclear Research was charged with the organization of the INIS Center for the collection and processing of scientific papers published within the Ukraine in the field of nuclear physics and its peaceful uses, for submission to the INIS Collection, in order to familiarize the international scientific community with the works of Ukrainian scientists. This, naturally, increases the scientific prestige of the country.
The INIS Liaison Officer, who was previously appointed by the government, acts as the operational link between the INIS Secretariat and Member States. Currently, in the Ukraine, the nomination is made by the State Inspectorate for Nuclear Regulation. The ILO is responsible for organizing the collection of information within its own territory, preparing the information for input into the INIS Collection, and providing operational services, receiving and using INIS output products.
In September 1973, Ms Pysanko was nominated as the INIS LO of Ukraine. From 1973–1991, the INIS Center of Ukraine worked as part of the Soviet Union INIS Center. In 1996, the Center was reorganized into the Ukrainian INIS Center, located at the Institute for Nuclear Research of National Academy of Sciences. At present, 3 people work in our Center.
The main goals of the Center are:
The Ukrainian Center staff has analyzed approximately 23 periodical publications. In recent years, the number of scientific conferences relating to INIS scope has increased. However difficulties exist regarding the list of conferences. Unfortunately, there is no publication that is associated with a list of conferences in the Ukraine so the INIS Secretariat informs us of the conferences taking place in our country.
The Ukrainian Centre’s topics of input cover around 80% of INIS categories. The most significant topics are nuclear theory, the physics of elementary particles and fields, nuclear and radiation physics, plasma, materials science, nuclear reactors, ecology, radiology, nuclear medicine, the effect of radiation on living organisms and biological materials.
Input is fully implemented by our Center’s staff except for a few cases where we consult with the appropriate experts or authors. We create the bibliographic description, assign subject headings, transfer contents of the article by descriptors, carry out verification, or where absent, provide the abstract. Whenever possible, we submit the complete NCL text to the INIS Secretariat. Sometimes (quite often), due to financial constraints, we reserve the conference materials in the form of abstracts. However, if the information is needed for users both in the Ukraine and other countries, we will provide certain issues. We receive frequent requests from the Liaison Officers of Brazil, Canada, the Czech Republic, France, and others countries.
The Centre regularly provides information to the INIS Secretariat. Unfortunately, there is no exact data from 1973–1991, as there was only one entry from the former Soviet Union. On average, the Center processes and sends about 600 inputs per year. Since 1992, the INIS Ukrainian Center has entered 32 800 documents into the Collection, among which more than 40% are hard to find (preprints, conference proceedings).
For more than 40 years, the INIS database has continued to develop and improve. Time has shown the feasibility of incorporating INIS technology, flexibility and the desire for self-improvement. Clear indexing rules and subject heading for bibliographic records improve the searchability of the INIS Collection. Expanded subject scope, the introduction of new descriptors, and programs such as FIBRE and SPIRS are regularly improved. Advanced searches using INIS output products are even more dramatic. INIS output has moved from monthly updates on magnetic tapes, to diskettes and CD-ROMs, and finally, to free access on the Internet.
The Ukrainian Center provides information to a number of organizations such as the State Nuclear Regulatory Inspectorate of Ukraine, National Academy of Sciences Institutes, Universities and others. Ukrainian INIS Center staff continues to provide methodological assistance to subscribers by providing access to the INIS database via the Internet.
Our Center also analyzes information from the database. Summary information can be obtained using descriptors to find relevant publications, as it is logical to assume that the number of publications, particularly in industry, reflects the intensity and urgency of the work. Thus, it is possible to predict the areas of priority. Statistics give a general picture of the position of both international and national publications.
In order to support scientific research, the INIS Center at the Kharkov Physico-Technical Institute of NAS Ukraine has also been involved in the implementation of a number of KhPTI themes, preparing analytical articles and reviews, published in conjunction with researchers, and based on the INIS, MSCI, and INSPEC databases.
The Ukrainian Center staff has participated in:
-Training courses, which allow the Center to maintain a high level of quality input;
- International and national conferences held in the Ukraine at the Kiev Polytechnik University, Lviv State University, Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Kharkov State University, and the Sevastopol Technical University;
- Presenting lectures on a regular basis about the INIS database. Presentations have been made at the Physics Department at Kyiv Taras Shevchenko National University, the Library at the University of Culture, and a number NAS Institutes in the Ukraine.
Ukrainian Center staff has published more than 60 articles in cooperation with collaborators from the Kharkov Physical-Technical Institute.
A new stage of work has begun in collaboration with the Ukrainian State Center for Quality (department standards), using the help of specialists, to eliminate differences in the interpretation of physics terms in English, Russian and Ukrainian, and to harmonize them with the meaning given in the thesaurus.
In 1994, in the framework of IAEA UKR/0/002, a project was initiated to provide the INIS database on CD-ROM to our Center. Later, computers and microfiche readers were also provided, contributing to the promotion and increased usage of the INIS database.
Our staff has participated in 13 INIS training courses and 2 scientific visits to the UK and Germany. INIS Secretariat staff has visited the Ukrainian Center three times, helping to resolve various issues.
We would like to express our appreciation to the staff of the INIS Section for their goodwill and active cooperation. Over the years, we have always felt the support and assistance of the INIS Secretariat. we strongly believe that our collaboration will continue to be fruitful.