Bulgaria: INIS Center - 45 years experience
Nuclear facilities in Bulgaria
Bulgaria is one of 35 countries in the world operating nuclear power plants. Bulgaria's nuclear program was launched in 1956 with the construction of an IRT-2000 research reactor at the Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy (INRNE), which was commissioned in 1961. The reactor is now under reconstruction.
In 1960, construction of the first Bulgarian nuclear power plant started. At the moment, there are 6 power units at the Kozloduy NPP site; 4 of them (VVER-440/B-230) under decommissioning and 2 (VVER-1000/B-320) in operation. Several storage facilities for radioactive waste, mainly from the Kozloduy NPP and from various sources of ionizing radiation in medicine and industry are also in operation.
The Kozloduy NPP, INRNE, Sofia University, the Technical University, and the State Enterprise Radioactive Waste are the main generators of nuclear information in Bulgaria and the main consumers of INIS products. The Bulgarian INIS Center, therefore, maintains continuous and effective cooperation with these Institutions.
Establishment of the Bulgarian National INIS Center
Bulgaria has been a member of INIS since its establishment in 1970. The first INIS LO was Ms IIlika Miteva when the Bulgarian INIS Center was situated at the Central Institute for Scientific Information. Since 1993, the National Center has been part of the Bulgarian Nuclear Regulatory Agency (formerly the Committee on the Use of Atomic Energy for Peaceful Purposes).
The Bulgarian INIS Center fulfills all INIS responsibilities including input preparation, promotion, and searching the INIS database. In 1996, under the IAEA TC project RER/0/011 Upgrading the Nuclear Information Centre, equipment was delivered and installed in the Bulgarian INIS Centre.
Bulgarian National INIS Center activities
Bulgaria submits national input, both NCL and conventional literature (CL), to the INIS database on a regular basis and in a timely manner. The number of Bulgarian documents in the INIS Collection (as of 31 December 2014) is 11 341, of which 2651 are full text documents.
More than 100 journals have been referred to theINIS database since 1970. Presently, 12 journals are scanned, six of which are key journals. NCL documents are mostly conference proceedings.
NIS system development
The Bulgarian INIS Centre has always been an active INIS participant; preparing input and contributing to the development of INIS tools and products. Even in the early years of operation, the Bulgarian Centre implemented some of the most advanced IT technologies and products of the time — such as CD-ROM, an on-line system, and an expert system.
The Bulgarian INIS Centre has promptly implemented new developments, as technology has evolved throughout the years from INIS worksheets, magnetic tapes and microfiches to diskettes, CD-ROMs, e-mail, ftp and the Internet. The Web version was launched in 1996.
The Bulgarian INIS Centre has participated in both the discussion and testing of INIS software products, especially FIBRE, and in the discussions and decisions of the INIS/ETDE Joint Committee Meetings and Working Groups.
The most significant contributions were made in the definition of the current INIS Subject Categories Scheme, the definition of the new indexing rules, and in thesaurus development.
Promotion of INIS activities and products among Bulgarian users has been initiated in several ways. Articles and advertisements about INIS have been published in leading scientific journals in Bulgaria. INIS flyers are distributed and the use of INIS products are demonstrated during conferences.
Cooperation with the INIS Secretariat
In 2002, Bulgaria hosted the 30th Consultative Meeting of INIS Liaison Officers. The meeting was organized by the NRA and the IAEA, with the assistance of the Kozloduy NPP, and took place in the Sheraton Hotel ‘Balkan’, Sofia. Representatives from 54 Member States, 2 international organizations and 4 observers participated in the meeting. Discussions took place in an open and creative atmosphere. The participants visited the Kozloduy NPP and learned about the plant’s operation.
Throughout the years, the Bulgarian INIS Centre has cooperated closely with the INIS Secretariat, receiving advice and help when needed and contributing to the improvement and performance of the system through the submission of high quality input and participation in discussions and decision-making. With the help of the Secretariat, the Centre has established valuable contacts with other National centers in information and knowledge exchange.
For the last 45 years, Liaison Officers and other specialists of the Bulgarian INIS Centre have enjoyed professional, helpful, and friendly relations with the INIS family.