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Planning & Economic Studies Section (PESS):
Capacity Building for Sustainable Energy Development

18th Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC / 8th Session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol: CoP-18 / CMP-8
(25 November - 7 December 2012)

CoP-18/CMP-8 logo

The 18th session of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Convention on Climate Change (CoP-18) in Doha, Qatar, was the eighth to take place after entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol and thus also served as the eighth Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP-8).


Climate change is one of the most important issues facing the world today. Nuclear power can make an important contribution to reducing greenhouse gases while delivering energy in the increasingly large quantities needed for global economic development. Nuclear power plants produce virtually no greenhouse gas emissions or air pollutants during their operation and only very low emissions over their full life cycle.

CCNP 2012 Brochure

The Fukushima Daiichi accident of March 2011 caused deep public anxiety and raised fundamental questions about the future of nuclear energy throughout the world. It was a wake-up call for everyone involved in nuclear power — a reminder that safety can never be taken for granted. Yet, in the wake of the accident, it is clear that nuclear energy will remain an important option for many countries. The advantages of nuclear power in terms of climate change are an important reason why many countries intend to introduce nuclear power in the coming decades, or to expand existing programmes. All countries have the right to use nuclear technology for peaceful purposes, as well as the responsibility to do so safely and securely.

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) provides assistance and information to countries that wish to introduce nuclear power. It also provides information for broader audiences engaged in energy, environmental and economic policy making.

Information on nuclear power and climate change was available and distributed at the CoP-18/CMP-8 meetings, including an IAEA brochure on Climate Change and Nuclear Power 2012. This report, which updates the 2011 edition, summarizes the potential role of nuclear power in mitigating global climate change and its contribution to other development and environment challenges. It also examines issues such as cost, safety, waste management and non-proliferation. To read the booklet please click here.