Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Materials
Management of Spent Fuel from Power Reactors
IAEA activities dedicated to spent fuel management can be traced back to the International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Evaluation (INFCE) performed in the late 1970s (STI/PUB/534, 1980). Working Group 6 issued a separate report on spent fuel management (i.e., distinct from the Working Group 4 report on reprocessing). The Working Group 6 report identified interim storage of spent fuel as an important step in the nuclear fuel cycle. An earlier IAEA study on Regional Fuel Cycle Centre (STI/PUB/445, 1977) had already pointed out the importance of spent fuel.
A series of international meetings on spent fuel management were organized during the early 1980s, from which several publications were issued on spent fuel storage. These early activities were followed by the establishment of the Regular Advisory Group on Spent Fuel Management (RAGM-SFM) with a mandate for an advisory role on the IAEA programme on a bi-annual basis. Since its first meeting held in 1984, the RAGM continued until it merged with the International Working Group on Nuclear Fuel Cycle Options (IWG-NFCO) to form the new Technical Working Group on Nuclear Fuel Cycle Options (TWGNFCO) in 2002.
The IAEA activities on spent fuel management have evolved to reflect the changing needs and interests of Member States. A glimpse of such changes in the past two decades can be gleaned from papers published in the IAEA Bulletin, as well as other publications, including those noted below.
IAEA Bulletin Articles Providing Historical Background
I.L.Rybalchenko, J.P.Colton, ´Spent Fuel Management¡, IAEA Bulletin 23(2),pp 36-40 (1981)
V.Onoufriev, ´Spent fuel Management Today¡ , IAEA Bulletin 26(1), pp 58-59 (1984)
F.Sokolov, ´IAEA Spent Fuel Management Programme- Past and Present', IAEA-TECDOC-419 (1986)
J.L.Rojas de Diego, ´Economics of Spent Fuel Storage', IAEA Bulletin 3/1990, pp 34-38 (1990)
F.Takats, A.Gregoriev, I.Ritchie, ´Management of spent fuel power and research reactors: International Status and trends', IAEA Bulletin 3/1993, pp 18-22 (1990)
P.Dyck, M.Crijns, ´Rising demands Management of spent fuel from nuclear power plants' , IAEA Bulletin 40(1) 1998, pp 24-27
I.Ritchie, ´Growing dimensions: spent fuel management at research reactors', IAEA Bulletin 40 (1) 1998, pp 28-31