Nuclear Energy System Assessment (NESA)
NESA is an IAEA INPRO tool to assess the sustainability of a given nuclear energy system using the INPRO methodology encompassing the areas of economics, infrastructure, waste management, proliferation resistance, physical protection, environment, and safety. The holistic nature of a NESA covers all reactor types and fuel cycle facilities, from cradle to grave.
Who are users of a NESA?
- Newcomers, to increase awareness of long-term nuclear sustainability issues
- Experienced users,to assist with strategic planning and decision making concerning the development or expansion of a nuclear energy system
- Developers / designers,to identify possible gaps in R&D
What are types of NESA to perform?
- NESA as a learning tool to increase awareness of long-term nuclear sustainability issues
- Limited scope NESA for selected areas and/or selected components of nuclear energy system
- Full scope NESA for all areas and a complete nuclear energy system
Conducting a NESA
- Availability of energy planning study that defines the role of nuclear in a mix of energy supply. (PESS)
- NESA consultation to assist with strategic planning and decision making concerning the development or expansion of a nuclear energy system
- Developers / designers to define the scope of a NESA and establish Terms of Reference
- NESA Support Package
- Training on NESA using INPRO Methodology. Please visit NESA Interactive Training Course.
- NESA Economic Support Tool (NEST).
NEST is used for economic calculations and analyses to obtain all necessary input data for economic assessment, covering a typical NES and an extension for closed fuel cycles.
- List of design data to be provided by designer.
- List and examples of input data:
Economics, Infrastructure, Waste Management, Safety of nuclear reactors.
- NESA Peer Review to evaluate assessment results
Experience with NESA
- Six national NESAs by technology holders: Argentina, Brazil, India, Republic of Korea, and technology users: Armenia, Ukraine, as documented in IAEA-TECDOC-1636 (2009)
- One multinational NESA – a joint study by Canada, China, France, India, Japan, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation and Ukraine on sodium-cooled fast reactor with closed nuclear fuel cycle, as documented in IAEA-TECDOC-1639 (2010)
- Belarus NESA A full scope NESA covering nuclear reactor and SNF/waste management facility. Completed in 2011, and documented as IAEA-TECDOC-1716 in 2013. ...More
A full scope NESA covering nuclear reactor and fuel cycle facilities. To be completed in 2014. ...More
A limited scope NESA focussing on Economics, Infrastructure, and SNF/Waste Management. To be completed in 2014.
A limited-scope NESA on existing PHWRs and potential future LWRs and selected fuel cycle facilities. To be completed in 2016. ...More
Relevant NESA Publications
- INPRO Assessment of the Planned Nuclear Energy System of Belarus IAEA-TECDOC-1716 (2013)
- Guidance for the Application of an Assessment Methodology for Innovative Nuclear Energy System, INPRO Manual – Overview of the Methodology IAEA-TECDOC-1575 Rev.1 .
- Introduction to the Use of the INPRO Methodology in a Nuclear Energy System Assessment, IAEA NE Series No. NP-T-1.12 (2010/2011) Arabic,English and Russian
- IAEA Tools and Methodologies for Energy System Planning and Nuclear Energy System Assessment (Brochure) Arabic,English and Russian (2009/2011)
- Lessons Learned from Nuclear Energy System Assessments (NESA) using the INPRO Methodology IAEA-TECDOC-1636 (2009)
- Assessment of Nuclear Energy Systems Based on a Closed Nuclear Fuel Cycle with Fast Reactors IAEA-TECDOC-1639 (2010)