Nuclear Energy System Assessment (NESA)

NESA is an IAEA INPRO tool to assess the sustainability of a given nuclear energy system using the INPRO methodology encompassing the areas of economics, infrastructure, waste management, proliferation resistance, physical protection, environment, and safety. The holistic nature of a NESA covers all reactor types and fuel cycle facilities, from cradle to grave.

Who are users of a NESA?

  • Newcomers, to increase awareness of long-term nuclear sustainability issues
  • Experienced users,to assist with strategic planning and decision making concerning the development or expansion of a nuclear energy system
  • Developers / designers,to identify possible gaps in R&D

What are types of NESA to perform?

  • NESA as a learning tool to increase awareness of long-term nuclear sustainability issues
  • Limited scope NESA for selected areas and/or selected components of nuclear energy system
  • Full scope NESA for all areas and a complete nuclear energy system

Conducting a NESA

Experience with NESA

  • Six national NESAs by technology holders: Argentina, Brazil, India, Republic of Korea, and technology users: Armenia, Ukraine, as documented in IAEA-TECDOC-1636 (2009)
  • One multinational NESA – a joint study by Canada, China, France, India, Japan, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation and Ukraine on sodium-cooled fast reactor with closed nuclear fuel cycle, as documented in IAEA-TECDOC-1639 (2010)
  • Belarus NESA A full scope NESA covering nuclear reactor and SNF/waste management facility. Completed in 2011, and documented as IAEA-TECDOC-1716 in 2013. ...More
  • Indonesia
    A full scope NESA covering nuclear reactor and fuel cycle facilities. To be completed in 2016. ...More
  • Ukraine
    A limited scope NESA focussing on Economics, Infrastructure, and SNF/Waste Management. To be completed in 2016.
  • Romania
    A full scope NESA on existing PHWRs and potential future LWRs and selected fuel cycle facilities. To be completed in 2016. ...More
  • Kazakhstan

Relevant NESA Publications

  • INPRO Assessment of the Planned Nuclear Energy System of Belarus IAEA-TECDOC-1716 (2013)
  • Guidance for the Application of an Assessment Methodology for Innovative Nuclear Energy System, INPRO Manual – Overview of the Methodology IAEA-TECDOC-1575 Rev.1 .
  • Introduction to the Use of the INPRO Methodology in a Nuclear Energy System Assessment, IAEA NE Series No. NP-T-1.12 (2010/2011) Arabic,English and Russian
  • IAEA Tools and Methodologies for Energy System Planning and Nuclear Energy System Assessment (Brochure) Arabic,English and Russian (2009/2011)
  • Lessons Learned from Nuclear Energy System Assessments (NESA) using the INPRO Methodology IAEA-TECDOC-1636 (2009)
  • Assessment of Nuclear Energy Systems Based on a Closed Nuclear Fuel Cycle with Fast Reactors IAEA-TECDOC-1639 (2010)

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