Assisting Indonesia in Assessing Future Nuclear Energy System
Nov 2, 2011
17-21 October 2011, Serpong, Indonesia
Indonesia is planning to include nuclear power in its energy mix to strengthen the country’s energy security and mitigate climate change. As the national nuclear agency in Indonesia, BATAN carries out the responsibility to assess and prepare the national policy in the field of research, development and peaceful applications of nuclear energy. The scope of tasks encompasses the front end and back end of the fuel cycle.
This serves as a foundation for BATAN to conduct an assessment on its nuclear energy system, i.e. fuel cycle facilities for the front end (mining and milling, conversion, fabrication) and back end (waste management) with several options regarding the reactor types. The assessment is necessary given the complex issues, concerns and impediments related to the nuclear fuel cycle, such as large capital investment, depleted/limited uranium reserves in the world, assurance of fresh fuel supply, and safety of nuclear materials and issues of waste management.
In late October 2011, an INPRO ‘Kick-off’ Meeting for the Indonesian nuclear energy system assessment (NESA) using the INPRO methodology was held at BATAN in Serpong, Indonesia, in coordination with the IAEA Technical Cooperation programme.
Since the INPRO methodology is complex, training those who will conduct a national NESA is an important service the Agency offers through the INPRO Group.
Opened by BATAN’s Deputy Chairman for Development of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Technology and Engineering, Dr. Djarot S. Wisnubroto, the training workshop was attended by more than 30 experts from BATAN, the Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency (BAPETEN), the State-Owned Electricity Company (PT. PLN), the University of Gadjah Mada (UGM), and Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB).
“This NESA will support the deployment of the country’s first nuclear reactor”, said Mr. Yuri Busurin, the Agency’s project coordinator and leader of the INPRO mission team. “It will help to assure the sustainability of Indonesia’s nuclear energy system by identifying gaps and follow-up actions to close the gaps”, he added.
The training workshop familiarized the participants with IAEA tools for energy system planning and modelling, and provided instructions on how to undertake a NESA in all seven assessment areas of the INPRO Methodology: economics, infrastructure, waste management, proliferation resistance, physical protection, environment, safety of nuclear reactors and nuclear fuel cycle facilities.
The application of software tools, i.e. e-NESA and NEST (NESA economic support tool), quizzes, work sessions and case studies assisted the national team to acquire a good understanding and the skills necessary to perform the assessment. Applying Indonesia’s own data and discussing strategies to collect input data from suppliers/designers and operators of reactors and fuel cycle facilities will be addressed in future meetings.
“This workshop has been very useful for us; it has given the assessment team a clear picture of how to perform a NESA and use the computerized support package from the Agency”, stated Mr Adiwardojo, Deputy Chairman for Development of Nuclear Energy and Technology of BATAN, who is also a member of the INPRO Steering Committee.
“We plan to start the assessment in 2012 with a limited scope NESA to familiarize the team with the approach and the available tools”, said Mr Adiwardojo. “In 2013 we will then start a full scope NESA to comprise nuclear reactors and nuclear fuel cycle facilities” he stated. It is planned to finalize the terms of reference for the Indonesian NESA by the end of 2011.
“We are still in the preparation phase. This means we are now finalizing our feasibility study, especially on siting. Selecting the appropriate site is very important, particularly post-Fukushima”, Mr Adiwardojo pointed out. “After that, we are addressing how to sustain the nuclear power programme in Indonesia. So the NESA is really the proper tool to achieve that”.
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