The continued reporting of incidents of illicit trafficking of nuclear materials and radioactive sources continues to be a concern to States and international organizations. Unlawful uses of nuclear material, through criminal or terrorist activities, may impose a proliferation risk, thereby threatening States’ Non-Proliferation efforts. Unlawful uses of radioactive sources impose a radiation risk to the public. There has been an increasing interest by States to develop better means of combating the possible illicit trafficking threats. The International Atomic Energy Agency’s (the Agency) General Conference has in yearly resolutions since 1994 underlined the need for more action in this area by the Agency and its Member States.
The first barrier to preventing nuclear and other radioactive materials being moved from a controlled environment to an uncontrolled environment is an effective national system for the accountability, control and security of these materials. Agency standards and recommendations provide a basis for establishing systems to prevent the loss of control of such materials. Although the responsibility for establishing and assuring the proper operation of a comprehensive system for the protection of nuclear and other radioactive materials in a given State rests with the Government of that State, it is not a matter of indifference to other States whether and to what extent that responsibility is being fulfilled. Thus, security of nuclear material and other radioactive materials has become a matter of international concern.
The Agency has conducted two international conferences related to this topic which were recognized as playing an important role in emphasizing the need for States to give more attention to the protection of these materials and their attendant facilities. The first was the November 1997 International Conference on Physical Protection of Nuclear Materials: Experience in Regulation, Implementation and Operations and the other was the International Conference on the Safety of Radiation Sources and the Security of Radioactive Materials held in Dijon, France, in September 1998. These have led to an increased emphasis on security and a number of initiatives have taken place to improve the international regimes for preventing, detecting and responding to the unauthorized movement of nuclear and other radioactive materials. Hence, the Agency has recognized that it is timely and appropriate to organize another conference to provide an opportunity for experts in this field to meet and exchange information and discuss practices and experiences in order to assist States, where appropriate, in upgrading their programmes for the security of nuclear and other radioactive materials, in particular, to combat illicit trafficking. This Conference will focus on the practices and measures currently being used to minimize the possibilities of the unauthorized removal and movement of nuclear materials and critical equipment. It will consider the importance of working more closely with the law enforcement authorities and the intelligence community and the necessity of applying new technologies to this effort. Consideration will also be given to the need for many countries to upgrade the security of older facilities as well as improve their efforts for intercepting illicit trafficked material and responding to these incidents in an effective legal and technical manner.
- LIST OF TOPICS
The topics to be covered at the Conference are the following:
- New initiatives and approaches to security systems of nuclear material and other radioactive materials;
- security assessments;
- bilateral/multilateral support programmes to enhance the protection of radioactive materials;
- human factors applied to physical protection;
- strengthening the international regime for the security of nuclear materials and facilities and of other radioactive sources;
- establishing Design Basis Threats for the physical protection of nuclear materials and facilities;
- the impact of revised physical protection recommendations in INFCIRC/225/Rev.4.
Interception and response to illicit trafficking
- Legal and regulatory infrastructures to deal with illicit trafficking of radioactive materials;
- an intelligence led approach to intercepting the illicit trafficking of nuclear and other radioactive material;
- measures and equipment to detect nuclear and other radioactive materials at borders and within states;
- national response plans, including operational and tactical measures, to respond to seizures of nuclear and other radioactive materials;
- experience and co-ordination/co-operation in the area of illicit trafficking, in particular among national authorities.
Protecting facilities against terrorism and sabotage
- Levels of protection relating to potential threats;
- upgrading of physical protection systems to meet new demands.
- PAPERS AND POSTERS
All papers - apart from invited review papers - must present original work; they should not have been published elsewhere.
Deadline for submission
A completed Form for Submission of a Paper, together with the Participation Form and two copies of an extended synopsis of 800 words (i.e. two A4 format pages of single spaced typing or the equivalent, including any tables or diagrams and a few pertinent references) must be sent (in English) to the competent official authority for transmission to the IAEA by
1 December 2000 (see Section 12 below). In addition, this extended synopsis should also be sent electronically to the Scientific Secretary, Mr. R. Hoskins (e-mail address: Richard.Hoskins@iaea.org).
The synopsis should give enough information on the contents of the proposed paper to enable the selection committee to evaluate it. Introductory and general matters should not be included. The synopsis - if accepted - will be reproduced in unedited form in the Book of Extended Synopses; therefore, the original must be submitted as camera-ready copy. The general style and presentation should be as in the attached sample.
In order to provide ample time for discussion, the number of papers that can be accepted for oral presentation is limited. If the number of relevant and high quality papers submitted for selection exceeds the acceptable number, some of them will be selected for poster presentation.
Authors will be informed whether their papers/posters have been accepted for presentation on the basis of the extended synopsis. The IAEA, however, reserves the right to refuse the presentation or publication of any paper that does not meet the expectations based on the information given in the extended synopsis.
Further details concerning the written and oral presentation at the meeting will be sent to all authors in due course.
All persons wishing to participate in the meeting are requested to complete a Participation Form and send it as soon as possible to the competent official authority (Ministry of Foreign Affairs or national atomic energy authority) for subsequent transmission to the IAEA. A participant will be accepted only if the Participation Form is transmitted through the competent official authority of a Member State of the International Atomic Energy Agency or by an organization invited to participate.
Participants whose designations have been received by the IAEA will be notified directly two to three months before the meeting.
No registration fee is charged to participants.
As a general rule, the IAEA does not pay the cost of attendance, i.e. travel and living expenses, of participants. However, limited funds are available to help meet the cost of attendance of selected specialists mainly from developing countries with low economic resources. Generally, not more than one grant will be awarded to any one country.
If governments wish to apply for a grant on behalf of one of their specialists, they should address specific requests to the International Atomic Energy Agency to this effect. Governments should ensure that applications for grants:
- be submitted by 1 December 2000;
- be accompanied by a duly completed and signed Grant Application Form.
Applications which do not comply with the conditions mentioned under (a) and (b) cannot be considered.
The grants awarded will be in the form of lump sums usually covering only part of the cost of attendance.
The proceedings of the meeting will be published by the IAEA in camera-ready (unedited) form as a Technical Document as soon as possible after the meeting. All participants will receive a free copy of the proceedings.
- WORKING LANGUAGE
The working language of the meeting will be English. All communications, synopses, abstracts and papers must be sent to the Agency in English.
Simultaneous interpretation into and from Russian will be provided at the meeting sessions. Please note that there will be no interpretation during the poster viewing sessions.
- DISTRIBUTION OF DOCUMENTS
A preliminary programme of the Conference will be sent to participants before the meeting.
The final programme, and the Book of Extended Synopses will be distributed on registration.
Detailed information on accommodation and other items will be sent to all designated participants well in advance of the meeting.
Participants who require a visa to enter Sweden should submit the necessary application to the nearest diplomatic or consular representative of Sweden as soon as possible.
The address of the Secretariat is:
International Atomic Energy Agency
Vienna International Centre
Wagramer Strasse 5
P.O. Box 100
A-1400 Vienna, Austria, Europe
Telephone No.: +43-1-2600(0) plus extension
Telex No.: +43-1-12645
Telefax No.: +43-1-26007
Electronic mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
- CHANNELS OF COMMUNICATION
The Participation Form and the Form for the Submission of a Paper, together with two copies of each synopsis, and, if applicable, the Grant Application Form, should be sent to the competent official authority (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, national atomic energy authority) for transmission to the International Atomic Energy Agency.
Subsequent correspondence on scientific matters should be sent to the Scientific Secretary and correspondence on administrative matters to the IAEA Conference Service Section.