Gender mainstreaming should not be an ‘add-on’ but an integral part of technical cooperation projects. There are several key entry points for gender mainstreaming in the TC programme cycle. For the IAEA technical cooperation programme, women’s machineries (see Definitions) provide an in-country source of gender mainstreaming expertise and could be called upon to provide assistance or advice to national counterpart officers on gender sensitive project planning and design. Increasing awareness of the role of gender in project planning and implementation will bring greater effectiveness and impact to the IAEA country programme.
Developing the Country Programme Framework
The first step in the development of a Country Programme Framework (CPF) is the consultation phase, where IAEA staff, national counterparts and stakeholders agree on the overall rationale for IAEA involvement and determine how TC projects fit into Member State programmes, policies and development priorities.
- Situation analysis creates understanding about the existing situation and the cause-effect relationships that contribute to the ‘future desired situation. National CPF Coordinators should establish sectoral task teams that include an individual with some knowledge of gender issues to review any identified gender sensitivity opportunities.
- Problem analysis investigates the characteristics of problems experienced by beneficiaries and end-users in order to establish the causes and effects. The identification and articulation of major problems should be conducted in a gender sensitive manner.
- Participation analysis involves the identification of all stakeholder groups likely to be affected by or to influence (either positively or negatively) the specific sector where a problem lies. Analysis should include an examination of gender based concerns.
If appropriate capacity to address gender in these analyses does not exist in the host country’s counterpart structure, efforts should be made to engage relevant UN organizations with a gender mandate or national women’s machineries, including women’s rights advocates.
Designing technical cooperation projects
In almost every case, it will not be possible to fully achieve project objectives unless both women and men are consulted and are able to discuss their respective roles in project activities. It is essential to conduct a gender analysis to analyze the potential impact of activities on men and women before decisions are made on a project, its objectives, strategies and resource allocation.
Project design should also consider the cost-benefit factor for technologies that are being introduced, recognizing that men and women may have different levels of access to science and technology resources.
Country, regional and interregional programme notes
- The country, regional and interregional Programme Notes must include a description of the programme preparation process that outlines how all stakeholders, male and female, have been included.
Project planning and formulation
- Ensure that gender is incorporated into both the project concept and the project document, which should provide an overview of the project stakeholders, national counterparts and end users, and of the impacts and benefits of a proposed project.
- Identify gender related links with other projects/activities and, in particular, with national development objectives to achieve the UN Millennium Development Goals.
- Procure expertise on gender to assist in the design, monitoring and evaluation of the project, including related analyses.
- Ensure that both women and men are involved in decision-making about the nature and scope of project activities.
Project implementation, monitoring, reporting and evaluating
- Include gender equity in the various steps of project implementation, training and capacity building activities.
- Ensure that progress reports, project closure reports and evaluations provide separate information on impact and benefits by gender.
Gender main page
Entry points for gender mainstreaming in the technical cooperation programme