Gender: socially-constructed (rather than biologically determined) roles of men and women as well as the relationship between women and men in a given society at a specific time and place.
Gender approach: agreed actions designed to ensure, among other things, the equal participation of both genders in project activities.
Gender analysis: the systematic study and understanding of the differences between the roles of men and women, their access to and control of resources, their activities, and the constraints they face relative to each other. Gender analysis recognizes that gender, and its relationship with race, ethnicity, culture, class, age, disability and other status, is important in understanding the different patterns of involvement, behaviour and activities that women and men have in economic, social and legal structures. Gender analysis is based on the premise that gender is a critical variable in the development process. It is important to recognize that gender analysis focuses on both women and men, not just on women.
Gender analytical information: qualitative information on gender differences and inequalities.
Gender equality: the absence of discrimination on the basis of sex with respect to opportunities, the allocation of resources or benefits, or access to services.
Gender equity: fairness and justice in the distribution of responsibilities and benefits between men and women.
Gender mainstreaming: a UN-endorsed strategy for promoting gender equality. Mainstreaming is not an end in itself – it is an approach or a means to achieve the goal of gender equality.
Gender roles: roles assigned to men and women by society. They shape our identity, determining how we are perceived and how we are expected to act and think.
Sex: the biological differences between men and women.
Sex disaggregation of data: the separation of data about men and women. It provides quantitative statistical information on differences and inequalities between men and women.
Women’s machineries: Many countries have established Departments or Ministries dedicated to improving the status of women and working towards women’s equality. Known collectively as women’s machineries, these focal points usually have staff with expertise on gender issues and have set specific national targets. Their main responsibilities are advocacy and policy-making in collaboration with line ministries and with other stakeholders including NGOs, civil society, development agencies and the private sector.
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