Oct 1, 2008
The Country Programme Framework (CPF) provides a frame of reference for planning the medium-term technical cooperation between Uganda and the IAEA. The CPF was developed through intensive discussions between the IAEA and the competent national authorities at the policy and operational levels. In the mutually agreed strategy for matching nuclear technology to national priorities for sustainable development, the focus of cooperation will be on aspects of human resources development, energy planning, human health, water resources, food and agriculture and radiation protection.
In the area of human resources development, it is envisaged that collaboration will focus on strengthening the capacities of young scientists in relevant development areas for which the peaceful use of nuclear applications would represent an added value.
In the health sector, the programme will focus on further consolidating the radiotherapy and nuclear medicine facilities at Mulago Hospital, Kampala, as well as for the Government programme to expand these services to Western Uganda (Mbarara) and Eastern Uganda (Mbale). For this purpose, the Government will secure funds for the expansion project through the use of a “bankable” project document developed with IAEA assistance. Assessment of national nutrition intervention programmes using stable isotope techniques for vulnerable groups, including the malnourished infants and children and people living with HIV/AIDS, will be enhanced. In particular, the work will be extended to include persons on anti-retroviral therapy. Support in the use of isotope-aided molecular techniques in tracking drug resistance in communicable diseases will be continued. In the near term this will focus on malaria as the technology applied to tuberculosis has been well established.
For agriculture, the use of nuclear and related techniques will be promoted to complement the well-established national capability for monitoring trans-boundary livestock diseases. At first this will focus on contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) and foot and mouth disease (FMD). The IAEA and the Government will cooperate in the fields of development of improved varieties of crops with emphasis on resource-limited smallholder farmers, as well as in the judicious application of soil and water management and crop nutrition. The tsetse eradication in the Lake Victoria Basin will continue to the next phase.
Sustainable energy development will be given priority in the envisaged cooperation between the Government and the IAEA. The IAEA will continue to support the establishment of the capability to perform energy planning studies which will determine the energy demand of the country based on appropriate scenarios as well as information on how best to generate the electricity necessary to meet the demand. There will be a consolidation of continuing with detailed surface exploration on promising areas to select prospects for cascaded geothermal development for energy resources. Uganda will also follow the IAEA’s reviewed and revised self-assessment of the infrastructure milestones required for the introduction of nuclear power in determination of a pre-feasibility via an energy assessment for a detailed strategy towards a national energy mix approach.
In the area of water resources management, support for the use of isotope hydrology techniques in the national groundwater resources assessment programme will be continued. High priority areas prone to drought will be the focus. Uganda is expected to play a central role in the assessment of the role of groundwater in the Nile Basin under a regional project supported by the IAEA and the Global Environmental Facility (GEF). The Government will make available all necessary personnel to perform the sampling campaigns. Dam safety issues will also be addressed. National authorities will identify dams which need to be investigated for leakage problems. Remediation will be undertaken by the Government following the findings to be generated by expert teams who will work with local personnel.
Another area of special significance is the national radiation protection infrastructure. The cooperation between the Agency and Uganda will continue to focus on the establishment of an independent regulatory infrastructure (Thematic Safety Area 1) and strengthening the country’s infrastructure in the priority areas of occupational exposure control (Thematic Safety Area 2). Under the relevant regional projects, the Agency will also assist Uganda in the areas of medical exposure control (Thematic Safety Area 3), public exposure control (Thematic Safety Area 4) as well as emergency preparedness (Thematic Safety Area 5). Allied to this will be the need to further strengthen the capacity of the country to address issues of nuclear security, including the combating of illicit trafficking of nuclear materials and radiation sources.