|Mexico is an active participant in the promotion of nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation and the elimination of other weapons of mass destruction. As a signatory and key promoter of the Treaty of Tlatelolco, which established the first nuclear weapon free zone on the plant, Mexico also champions the creation of more nuclear weapon free zones. Mexico is an active participant in the promotion of nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation and the elimination of other weapons of mass destruction. As a signatory and key promoter of the Treaty of Tlatelolco, which established the first nuclear weapon free zone on the plant, Mexico also champions the creation of more nuclear weapon free zones.|
The Universidad Nacional Autónoma in Mexico is holding a month-long series of activities on the theme of disarmament to support public awareness and educate young people about nuclear weapons, the issues surrounding nuclear disarmament and the importance of creating a culture of peace. Activities have been timed to coincide with the 2010 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) will be held in May 2010 at UN Headquarters in New York.
The NPT is an international treaty with the objective to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy and to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament. The operation of the Treaty is reviewed every five years. The university’s Disarmament Month is an innovative initiative to raise national awareness of the Non-Proliferation Treaty, and to educate people on the peaceful uses of nuclear applications.
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is well known for its role in nuclear safeguards. It is less well known, however, for its work to support the application of nuclear technologies for peace and development. On 16 and 20 April, the IAEA’s Deputy Director General and Head of the Department of Technical Cooperation, Ana María Cetto, together with Juan Antonio Casas, Director of the Division for Latin America and Raul Ramirez, Programme Management Officer, were invited by the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), through Universum, the university’s Museum of the Sciences, to talk about the technical cooperation activities of the IAEA with UNAM students via videoconference. The talks were focused on how nuclear technologies can be used to address a wide range of important development issues. The presentations that accompanied these talks are available here (presentation 1and presentation 2). Students heard about the development mandate of the IAEA, and learned about some of the areas where nuclear technologies are making a real difference to the quality of people’s lives – in health, in food and agriculture, in the environment and in energy planning and supply.
In addition to the IAEA’s contribution, the students and the general public benefitted from lectures on several different aspects of disarmament. UNAM professors presented topics such as the problem of light and small arms, the science of chemical weapons and the relationship between disarmament and the development of communities.