Chronology of IAEA Inspections and Key Events
(10 - 13 December 2002)
13, Friday: IAEA Conducts Sampling & Survey. The IAEA undertook hydrological sampling at three Major Iraq Surface Water Drainage Basins, of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers just south of the 33rd parallel. Several samples were taken at each site including water, sediment and vegetation. A separate IAEA team conducted a wide-area gamma survey of the Bahgdad area, which included the Karama Sumood missile facility. Full Briefing.
12, Thursday: IAEA Inspectors Visit Five Facilities. Two IAEA teams visited Al Nida, an engineering facility and Al Zawraa, an electronics fabrication facility, both in the vicinity of Baghdad. The inspection of these facilities was made in order to review the activities and personnel at these sites since 1998 and to review the disposition and use of dual-purpose machine tools and equipment formerly known to the IAEA.
Two IAEA teams inspected the Al Mutasim facility, which is a missile plant occupying the grounds of the former Al Athear nuclear facility. The teams inspected new and destroyed former nuclear buildings. Observations were also made, with the assistance of an experienced UNMOVIC missile specialist, of rocket production facilities. The team also visited the Al Hatteen firing range to inventory equipment previously monitored by the IAEA.
Two IAEA teams visited Ibn Sina, formally known as Tarmiya. This was to conduct a follow-up visit to this former uranium enrichment plant to undertake a full inspection of the production and laboratory facilities, including a car-borne Gamma survey of the site and surrounding areas. Full Briefing.
12, Thursday: More Inspectors Arrive in Iraq. Teams on the ground expand to include 71 inspectors from UNMOVIC and 27 inspectors from the IAEA.
11, Wednesday: IAEA Inspects Facilities at Several Sites. One IAEA team, at Tuwaitha, completed inventorying nuclear materials left over from Iraq's previous nuclear programme.
Another team finished a two-day inspection of the Al Qaim Chemical and Al Qaim Cement facilities located near the Syrian border in western Iraq. Al Qaim was frequently visited by the IAEA prior to 1998 and its processes at that time were well understood. This inspection covered all buildings on this large complex site and included appropriate sampling of raw materials, ore and concentrates. Al Qaim was a producer of uranium "yellow cake" prior to 1991. The uranium extraction plant was destroyed in 1991 and the site has been under IAEA monitoring ever since.
Another team went to the Ibn Sina Company some 40 km north of Baghdad. This site was formerly known as Tarmiya and was the site of a uranium enrichment plant that was destroyed in 1991. The team inspected the new activities at the site and verified that no nuclear activities remain or have been initiated. Dual-use industrial activities at the site were inspected to verify that they could not contribute directly to a nuclear programme. The Amil liquid nitrogen plant, subordinate to Ibn Sina and about 10 km away, was inspected during this activity.
IAEA inspections also were done at two locations some 120km to the west of Baghdad, known as Saddam GE and Amir Factory, which is an adjacent facility belonging to Saddam GE. The function of these facilities is support to the military in the field of armaments. The inspection of these facilities was made in order to review the activities at these sites since 1998 and to review the disposition and use of dual-purpose machine tools and equipment formerly known to the IAEA. Full Briefing.
10, Tuesday: IAEA Inspects Complex of Sites. One team, at Tuwaitha, continued to take a physical inventory of nuclear materials from Iraq's past nuclear programme.
Another team investigated an outlying site of the Al Qa Qaa explosives plant. The outlying site, called Sumood-4, is near the city of Mussayib and was associated with a past program. Sumood-4 is co-located with the Sadda Cement Factory. The cement plant was also inspected for dual-use capabilities. The same team inspected the Al Furat State Company for Chemical Industries in Mussayib. The Al Furat plant is a large chemical production site that produces large quantities of industrial chemicals, as well as some food items.
IAEA inspections also were done at a complex of sites belonging to the Al Karama facility. The individual sites inspected comprised of Ibn al Haytham, the associated stores of the Military Industrialisation Committee (MIC), the Al Fatah Company and the Al Sumood factory. The primary aim of the inspections was to carry out a review of current activities of the site as well as the activities since 1998, and also to ascertain the disposition and use of various machine tools and items of equipment that were previously known to the IAEA. Full Briefing.