Chronology of IAEA Inspections and Key Events
(14 - 31 December 2002)
31, Tuesday: IAEA Inspects Engineering Centre. The IAEA inspected the Mechanical Engineering Design Centre, which was separate from the UNMOVIC chemical team's inspection. The Centre consists of several technical design departments serving local industry in the design of general as well as specialized equipment. Full Briefing
30, Monday: IAEA Checks Resin, Fiberglas Plants.
The IAEA inspected the Al Sawary Est-Jihad site, situated just northwest of Baghdad. The site comprises two factories: the Resin Plant and the Fiberglass Plant. The Resin Plant produces resins. The Fiberglass Plant is not operational. The purpose of the visit was to review if any changes had taken place at the site since 1998. Full Briefing
29, Sunday: IAEA Inspects More Companies.
The IAEA inspected two sites: the Eyz Company and the Salam Factory in Baghdad. The Eyz Company produces generic electronic equipment, such as radio communications equipment, power distribution equipment, telephone switching boards. The Salam Factory produces mainly communications equipment for both civilian and military applications. Inspector status: Six UNMOVIC inspectors and two IAEA inspectors left Baghdad. In turn, six new UNMOVIC inspectors and six new IAEA inspectors joined the respective inspection teams in Baghdad, bringing the total number of inspectors to 110. The breakdown of inspectors is 100 from UNMOVIC and 10 from the IAEA. Full Briefing
28, Saturday: IAEA Inspects Trading Companies.
The IAEA inspected the offices of a private trading company that handles procurement matters for the Military Industrial Corporation of Iraq. The IAEA specialists were able to review many files concerning procurements and offers from abroad. An IAEA team also went to the last known address of another private trading company. The building used to house many offices but the whole building is now abandoned. Regarding interviews conducted 27 December, the following clarification was issued: The IAEA team, who interviewed an Iraqi metallurgist, Dr. Kathem Mujbel, was aware that he was not involved in Iraq's past nuclear programme. His statement about non-classified information was of interest to the Agency. The IAEA/UNMOVIC press statement of 27 December does not make a judgment that Iraq has a clandestine nuclear programme. It only makes a general statement about the fact that the matter in question, which involves aluminium tubes, attracted attention. The IAEA's interviews are part of its investigations to answer the question of whether nuclear-related activities have taken place during the past four years without inspectors. The Agency's progress report will be submitted to the Security Council in the course of January. Full Briefing
27, Friday: IAEA Continues Interviews. The IAEA continued its programme of interviewing key Iraqi scientists. Today's subject was a metallurgist from a high visibility state company. He provided technical details of a military programme. This programme has attracted considerable attention as a possible prelude to a clandestine nuclear programme. The answers will be of great use in completing the IAEA assessment. Full Briefing
26, Thursday: IAEA Focuses on Aluminum Stocks. The IAEA team met with senior members of the National Monitoring Directorate of Iraq at the Tho Al Fekar factory of the Al Rashid company. The plant is located about 40 km north of Baghdad. The purpose of the meeting was to compare inventories generated by Iraq and IAEA independently. The material being inventoried is very large stocks of high-strength aluminium that has dual-use purposes. The team then made an unannounced inspection of a private trading company that represents companies outside of Iraq. The team reviewed records of purchases facilitated by this company on behalf of Iraqi military programmes. The company has been involved in recent attempts by Iraq to purchase high-strength aluminium. Full Briefing
25, Wednesday: IAEA Visits Three Sites, Joins Iraqi Auditors. The IAEA visited three sites. It inspected the Hatteen Fateh Explosives Factory south of Mussayib. This is a very large complex that produces explosives for military bombs, shells and rockets. The team focused attention on changes at the site in the last four years that could aid a nuclear programme. The team also inspected the Um Al Maarik Factory in part in an ongoing attempt to monitor the production of indigenous components of possible dual use. The Um Al Maarik is a large factory that produces metal parts for military programmes. In a cooperative venture, the IAEA team joined with Iraqi auditors at the Al Qa Qaa explosives plant. They together made item counts of important dual-use materials and compared results. Hundreds of items were counted. The results will be used as part of a verification of Iraq's use of special metals. Full Briefing
24, Tuesday:IAEA Interviews Scientist. The IAEA inspected two sites and interviewed an Iraqi scientist. One team inspected the Salah al Din General Establishment (Electronics Factory) north of the town of Samara. Salah al Din produces such items as radars, fuses, and communications equipment for the military as well as some civilian products. The factory was associated with the past nuclear programme until 1990. The other IAEA team inspected the Baghdad Technical University within the city limits of Baghdad. This is a major technical university in the Iraqi higher education system with over 9,000 students and 600 lecturers. In the course of the inspection, the team requested an interview with a particular Iraqi scientist, conducted separately from the rest of the inspection. The scientist consented to lengthy interview regarding technical activities in Iraq. The interview was conducted in a private office chosen at random, without cameras, or recordings being present. The interviewee requested an Iraqi witness to join him. This represents resumption of a regular interview programme that was interrupted in 1998. Full Briefing
23, Monday: IAEA Visits Sites in North Baghdad. The IAEA team inspected two sites: the Al Razi Company and the Beytar Factory. The Al Razi Company is located in north Baghdad. It was created in 1997 and has many staff and equipment from the former nuclear weapons programme. This new company today is declared to be a site involved in laser development and projects for the military. The adjacent Beytar Factory is a storage site for equipment salvaged from the former nuclear facilities. Full Briefing
22, Sunday: IAEA Inspects Three Sites. IAEA teams inspected three sites - the Mansour State Company,the Farabi Computer Centre, and the Tahrir Institue of Welding Technology. The Mansour State Company is an electronics factory subordinate to the Military Industrialization Corporation (MIC) that produces piece components (such as transistors and diodes) and some finished electrical goods for the Iraqi military and civilian sectors. It also produces industrial gases and purified water. The Farabi Computer Centre is a branch of the Al Kwarzi Company. It specializes in programming computers for business applications and provides contract services for documentation, archiving, and data processing services. The Tahrir Institute of Welding Technology is a teaching institution in the MIC structure. It prepares secondary school graduates to be welders in a two-year academic programme. Full Briefing.
21, Saturday: IAEA Inspects Factories. IAEA teams went in two directions - the first team inspected two factories. The first site was the 14 Ramadan Factory, declared to be a wool and textile facility. The second was the Binwalid Factory, which manufactures metal goods and contains a number of high-quality machine tools. The second team travelled to the South Taji area. There are a number of factories in this area. One group inspected the Al Raya State Company. This company is a materials science centre engaged in research on metals, ceramics, and plastics for Iraqi industry. The second company, Al Zahef Al Kabeer, is engaged in a number of metal and plastic production jobs, such as recycling valuable scrap and producing waterproofing coatings. Full Briefing
20, Friday: IAEA at Tuwaitha, Other Sites. Two IAEA teams requested access to a facility during non-standard hours at the former Tuwaitha nuclear complex. The complex now conducts civilian research in the non-nuclear field. They observed work-shift levels during this non-work day period. They also inspected the Shakyli stores during a non-work day. Shakyli is a store for dual-use equipment from the past Iraqi nuclear programme. They also carried out environmental gamma radiation surveys in the area. Full Briefing
19, Thursday: IAEA Checks Sites Near Mosul, Baghdad. The IAEA sent a team of inspectors to the Mosul area in the North of Iraq for the last three days. These teams broke into sub-teams and carried out multiple inspections.
One team concentrated on underground facilities, inspecting two projects associated with electricity generation and irrigation. These deep underground facilities were inspected as to their function and their recent activities.
Another team inspected former nuclear facilities near Mosul, at Al Jesira. The Jesira site is declared to be carrying out common industrial chemical projects. Sites associated with movements of materials and equipment from Jesira were verified.
The teams came together to inspect the Jaber bin Hayam site that produces chemical protection equipment for the military and some civilian products. They also inspected the Al Kindi State Company in Mosul. Kindi is a site associated with missile and rocket development. It also produces electronic and industrial products for the civil sector.
A team that stayed behind in Baghdad continued to inspect and monitor dual-use equipment known to the IAEA and to inspect new equipment. The sites inspected today are known as Nahrawan and the Mamoun factory of the Rasheed State Company. Nahrawan is a conventional metals machining plant. Mamoun produces propellant for solid fuel missiles and was associated with the previous Iraqi nuclear program. Full Briefing
19, Thursday: IAEA, UN Chiefs See Evidence Lacking in Iraq Declaration. IAEA Director General ElBaradei and UNMOVIC Chief Hans Blix said Iraq left many "open questions" in its declaration on its weapons programmes. They briefed the press at the UN in New York following their consultations with the Security Council. Briefing Transcript
19, Thursday: First Assessments of Iraq Declaration to Security Council. IAEA Director General Mohamed ElBaradei and UNMOVIC Executive Chairman Hans Blix provided preliminary assessments to the UN Security Council on the Iraq declaration received 8 December 2002. A status report to the Council on Iraq inspections is scheduled for 27 January 2003. Read Statement
18, Wednesday: IAEA Inspections Near Mosul, Baghdad. One IAEA team continued to inspect facilities in the Mosul region. Another IAEA team inspected three sites in the Baghdad area: Saidiya Specialized Institute for Engineering Industries (SIEI), Hydraulics Factory, and Daura Industrial Engine Factory. Full Briefing
17, Tuesday: IAEA Team Heads to Mosul. One IAEA team inspected two sites in Baghdad: the Radwan Factory and the Iraqi Plant. Both are previously declared sites. The rest of the IAEA team left in the direction of Mosul this morning. Today, an additional 8 inspectors from UNMOVIC arrived in Baghdad, bringing the total number of UNMOVIC inspectors to 94. The IAEA has 19 inspectors. The grand total of inspectors from UNMOVIC and the IAEA now stands at 113. Full Briefing
16, Monday: IAEA Teams Go To Multiple Sites. One IAEA team visited three sites: the Hatteen State Company, the Iskanderya Foundry (part of Hatteen) and the Iskanderya State Enterprises for Mechanical Industries. Following discussions with the sites' operators, the team took environmental samples, inspected the machine tools in the factories, and conducted a radiological survey of the sites.
Another IAEA team visited four sites: Al Qa Qaa, Mussayib Army Munitions Depot, Al Motaseem Factory, and the Hatteen Establishment's testing range. The team monitored the production of small rockets. These sites work as a unit in the Iraqi military armaments structure to produce and test munitions.
One IAEA team conducted a joint inspection with the UNMOVIC missile team of the Saad General Company that includes a number of personnel from the former nuclear weapons programme organization, Petrochemical Complex-3 (PC-3). Full Briefing
15, Sunday: IAEA Inspects Former EMIS Site, Other Facilities. Two IAEA teams carried out inspections at Al Maarik, a facility some 20 km south of Baghdad that is involved in the manufacture of a number of civil and military engineering projects. This site was previously involved in the Electro-magnetic Isotope Separation (EMIS) programme prior to 1991. The IAEA teams then proceeded to and carried out inspections at the nearby sites of adessiya, a facility providing engineering support to the military in a number of areas, and Badr, a facility that was previously involved in the centrifuge programme prior to 1991 and now provides general engineering capability. At all three sites inspections were carried out to review the activities of personnel and departments since 1998, and to review the disposition and use of a number of dual-purpose machine tools.
Two further IAEA teams travelled to Ramadi, approximately 100 km west of Baghdad to inspect The Glass and Ceramic Company. A Gamma Survey team, accompanying the main team, carried out measurements in the Ramadi area.
An IAEA team visited Tuwaitha and parts of North Baghdad to obtain water and silt samples for radiological analysis. Full Briefing
14, Saturday: IAEA Teams Go to Former EMIS Sites, Others. The IAEA had several inspection teams out today at a number of facilities.
Three IAEA teams carried out inspections at Shaheed, a facility some 120 km south west of Baghdad that is involved in the manufacture of non-ferrous alloys, principally copper and has power supply greater than 10MW. This site was previously involved in the Electro-magnetic Isotope Separation (EMIS) programme prior to 1991. These teams then split, with one group going onto the Theo al Fukar factory, a site previously involved in Iraq's centrifuge project, in the Nassr complex at Taji, some 35km north west of Baghdad, and another team proceeding to the Tahidi facility close to Baghdad. Inspections were carried out to review the activities of personnel and departments at these three sites since 1998.
Two IAEA teams carried out inspections at Hatteen and adjacent Iskanderiya facilities located some 70km south of Baghdad. Inspections were carried out to review the activities of personnel and departments at these sites since 1998.
One IAEA team, which carried out inspections at the Nassr and Theo al Fukar facilities at Taji and at the adjacent Al Sumood site, moved onto the Daura heavy engineering facility. Inspections into the disposition and use of dual-purpose machine tools were carried out.
The IAEA hydrological team accompanied the teams to Nassr and Theo al Fukar sites where various waste streams were sampled.
The IAEA gamma survey group performed a random survey around the area of Saddam city and the Tahidi Science facility.
The IAEA team also supported the UNMOVIC biological and missile teams in their inspection of facilities at the Tuwaitha nuclear research centre and the Al Sumood factory near Abu Ghraib.
The IAEA inspected Hatteen-Iskandariya, a complex south of Baghdad. This large complex houses several state companies that consist of many factories each. These diverse facilities have civilian and military missions ranging from procuring automobiles to filling ammunition and shells. The teams sampled these sites for dual-use or prohibited activities. They also inspected a new research company inside the complex.
An inspection of a military site south of Baghdad turned out to be an after dark inspection. The Mahaweel military base stores certain high explosives requiring verification by the IAEA. The team also inspected bunkers holding small ground-to-ground rockets to verify their intended use. Full Briefing