Guidelines for agricultural countermeasures following an accidental release of radionuclides

The Chernobyl accident in 1986 caused significant radioactive contamination of the environment over widely separated areas, some relatively remote from the site. Considerable scientific research was stimulated directly and indirectly and a good deal of practical experience was obtained in dealing with the aftermath. The collation of the relevant information and experience concerning the transfer of radionuclides through food chains and ways of reducing this transfer is a prudent insurance for the management of agriculture should a major nuclear accident occur again. Work to this end was begun in 1990 by a consultants group convened in a co-ordinated research programme of the IAEA and the CEC on the Validation of Models for the Transfer of Radionuclides in Terrestrial, Urban and Aquatic Environments (VAMP). The work was further developed by a joint programme of the IAEA Division of Nuclear Safety and the Agrochemicals and Residues Section of the Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture entitled ''Alleviating the Adverse Effects of Excessive Radionuclide Contamination of the Agricultural Environment''. The present Guidelines are an output of this programme and are intended to assist those charged with administrative, scientific and advisory responsibilities to prepare more detail plans specific to the local conditions. 80 refs, 1 fig., 20 tabs.

Authors

International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria); Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome (Italy).; IAEA.; Vienna (Austria).

Descriptors

biological availability; chernobylsk-4 reactor; contamination; emergency plans; environmental exposure pathway; experimental data; fallout deposits; fission product release; food chains; human populations; iaea; radiation accidents; radioisotopes; radionuclide migration; reactor accidents; accidents; data; enriched uranium reactors; environmental transport; fallout; graphite moderated reactors; information; international organizations; isotopes; lwgr type reactors; mass transfer; numerical data; populations; power reactors; reactors; thermal reactors

Subject Category

Dosimetry and Monitoring

Source

Book; Jun 1994.; 115 p.

Place of Publication

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

Language

English.