Monitoring of internal exposure of the population in regions close to the Chernobyl nuclear power plant

In the first month and a half after the accident, the dose burden on the population was determined by radioactive iodine deposited in the thyroid gland. Later, the dose burden was governed by caesium-134 and caesium-137. The measurements made are generally reliable. Departures from the norm in extreme cases (in the event of marked differences from the standard body build) were no more than 50% of the actual activity (at levels above 150-200 nCi). Since there is no effective method of measuring nuclides incorporated into the bodies of children, it is necessary to develop special phantoms simulating the human body at different ages. (author). 4 tabs.

Authors

Gusev, I.A.; Likhtarev, I.A.; Dolgirev, E.I.; Zhakov, I.G.; Ledoshchuk, B.A.; Ramzaev, P.V.

Descriptors

body burden; cesium 134; cesium 137; chernobylsk-4 reactor; children; human populations; personnel monitoring; phantoms; radiation accidents; radionuclide kinetics; thyroid; accidents; animals; beta decay radioisotopes; beta-minus decay radioisotopes; body; cesium isotopes; counting techniques; electron capture radioisotopes; endocrine glands; enriched uranium reactors; glands; graphite moderated reactors; hours living radioisotopes; intermediate mass nuclei; internal conversion radioisoto; isomeric transition isotopes; isotopes; kinetics; lwgr type reactors; mammals; man; mockup; monitoring; nuclei; odd-even nuclei; odd-odd nuclei; organs; populations; power reactors; primates; radiation monitoring; radioisotopes; reactors; structural models; thermal reactors; vertebrates; water cooled reactors

Subject Category

Actual Accidents

Source

Report; International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria); Medical aspects of the Chernobyl accident; IAEA-TECDOC--516.; Jul 1988.; 381 p.; p. 195-201.

Place of Publication

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

Availability

Available from INIS in electronic form.