Protection of health during a large scale accident

The general principles applied in planning measures to protect the population covered four periods: (1) the 24 hours following the accident; (2) 2-7 days after the accident; (3) 2-6 weeks after the accident; (4) the subsequent period. In order to carry out medical examinations and provide medical care for those who had been evacuated and those living in regions with high levels of radiation, about 2,000 doctors, 4,000 intermediate-level medical assistants and more than 1,200 senior students at medical institutes were involved. In the first period, 230 laboratory-dosimetric mobile teams were set up and more than 400 teams of doctors, including 212 specialized teams for examining children and pregnant women. The epidemic control stations in these regions were supported by shift teams from epidemic control stations in other regions. A total of 330 doctors, 600 intermediate-level assistants, 125 special vehicles and so on were involved. Over the whole period about 500,000 people were examined, including 100,000 children; more than 500,000 haematological and 54,000 hormonal studies were carried out, and more than 200,000 measurements of iodine and caesium in the bodies of affected individuals were made. (author).

Author

Romanenko, A.E.

Descriptors

chernobylsk-4 reactor; evacuation; medical examinations; medical personnel; medical supplies; organizing; planning; preventive medicine; radiation accidents; radiation protection; accidents; enriched uranium reactors; graphite moderated reactors; lwgr type reactors; medical surveillance; medicine; personnel; power reactors; reactors; thermal reactors

Subject Category

Actual Accidents

Source

Report; International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria); Medical aspects of the Chernobyl accident; IAEA-TECDOC--516.; Jul 1988.; 381 p.; p. 65-78.

Place of Publication

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

Availability

Available from INIS in electronic form.