Medical and sanitary measures taken to deal with the consequences of the Chernobyl accident

Work was carried out on two fronts: emergency qualified medical aid was organized for those suffering from thermal burns and radiation injuries, and wide-scale prophylactic measures were taken to prevent exposure to radiation and its consequences. More than 600,000 people (including 215,300 children) underwent extensive medical examinations. For prophylactic purposes and in order to diagnose more accurately various diseases which had been identified during the medical surveys, 37,500 people (including 12,600 children) were examined in hospital. (This figure also includes people who made personal requests for such examinations). No abnormalities associated with exposure to radiation were found. At the suggestion of the USSR Ministry of Health, more than 350,000 children and pregnant women were sent to sanatoriums, rest homes and pioneer camps in 1986-87. The exposure dose to the population as a result of the Chernobyl accident during the next 50-70 years will not exceed more than 20-30% of the dose from natural radiation. (author). 1 fig., 4 tabs.

Author

Sergeev, G.V.

Descriptors

chernobylsk-4 reactor; contamination; diagnosis; diseases; emergency plans; evaluation; food; medical examinations; organizing; planning; preventive medicine; public health; radiation accidents; radiation doses; radiation injuries; radiation monitoring; accidents; biological effects; biological radiation effects; enriched uranium reactors; graphite moderated reactors; injuries; lwgr type reactors; medical surveillance; medicine; monitoring; power reactors; radiation effects; reactors; thermal reactors

Subject Category

Actual Accidents

Source

Report; International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria); Medical aspects of the Chernobyl accident; IAEA-TECDOC--516.; Jul 1988.; 381 p.; p. 23-38.

Place of Publication

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

Availability

Available from INIS in electronic form.