Co-ordinated Research Programmes
(with year of start and completion)


Nuclear Power
Advanced reactor developments
Establishment of a thermophysical database for light and heavy water reactors 1990 1995
Acoustic signal processing for the detection of sodium boiling or sodium/water reactions in LMFRs 1989 1995
Intercomparison of LMFR seismic analysis codes 1991 1995
Validation of safety related physics calculations for low enriched high temperature gas cooled reactors 1990 1995
Design and evaluation of heat utilization systems for the high temperature engineering test reactor (HTTR) 1993 1997
Heat transport and afterheat removal for gas cooled reactors under accident conditions 1993 1997
Validation of predictive methods for fuel and fission product behaviour in gas cooled reactors 1993 1995
Thermohydraulic relationships for advanced water cooled reactors 1990 1994
Intercomparison of analysis methods for seismically isolated nuclear structures 1995 1999
Harmonization and validation of fast reactor thermomechanical and thermohydraulic codes and relations using experimental data 1995 1998
Potential of Th based fuel cycles to constrain Pu and to reduce long term waste toxicities 1995 1998
Case studies to assess and compare the potential role of nuclear power and other options in reducing emissions and residuals from electricity generation 1995 1997
Nuclear Fusion
Development of plasma heating and diagnostic systems in institutes in developing countries using small and middle scale devices 1992 1997
Development of software for numerical simulations and data processing in fusion energy research 1992 1995
Engineering, industrial and environmental applications of plasma physics and fusion technologies 1996 1998
Nuclear Fuel Cycle
Reactor fuel technology and performance
Examination and documentation methodology for water reactor fuel (ED-WARF-2) 1992 1995
Fuel modelling at extended burnup (FUMEX) 1993 1997
Stress corrosion cracking of zirconium alloy fuel claddings 1994 1997
High temperature on-line monitoring of water chemistry related to fuel behaviour and activity transport (WACOL) 1995 1999
Spent fuel management, technology and safety
Behaviour of spent fuel assemblies and storage equipment under long term storage conditions (BEFAST-III) 1991 1996
Irradiation enhanced degradation of materials in spent fuel storage facilities 1993 1997
Safety, environmental and non-proliferation aspects of the partitioning and transmutation of actinides and fission products 1994 1998
Radioactive Waste Management
Handling, treatment, conditioning and storage of radioactive wastes
Performance of high level waste forms and packages under repository conditions 1991 1997
Waste treatment and immobilization technologies involving inorganic sorbents 1991 1996
Treatment technologies for low and intermediate level wastes generated from nuclear applications 1991 1996
Radioactive waste disposal
Performance of engineered barrier materials in near surface disposal 1991 1995
Decontamination and decommissioning of nuclear installations
New methods and techniques for optimization of decontamination for maintenance and decommissioning 1994 1998
Radiological and environmental aspects of waste management
Modelling of the radiological impact of waste dumping in the Arctic seas 1993 1996
Site characterization techniques used in environmental restoration 1995 1999
Extrapolation of short term observations to time periods for isolation of long lived radionuclides 1995 2000
Safety assessment of near surface radioactive waste disposal facilities (NSARS) 1990 1995
Comparative Assessment of Nuclear Power and Other Energy Sources
Case studies to assess the potential role of nuclear power and other options in reducing emissions and residuals from electricity generation 1995 1997
Comparative health and environmental risks of nuclear and other energy systems using case studies 1989 1996
Food and Agriculture
Soil fertility, irrigation and crop production
Assessment of irrigation schedules of field crops to increase the effective use of water in irrigation projects 1990 1995
Optimizing N2 fixation in tree crops 1990 1997
Enhancing soil fertility and crop production by better management of Rhizobium 1992 1996
Use of nuclear and related techniques for evaluating the agronomic effectiveness of phosphate fertilizers, in particular rock phosphate 1993 1998
Optimizing fertilizer applications under irrigated wheat to increase the efficient use of fertilizers and consequently reduce environmental pollution 1994 1999
Use of irradiated sewage sludge to increase soil fertility and crop yields, and to preserve the environment 1995 1999
Plant breeding and genetics
Induced mutations in connection with biotechnology for crop improvement in Latin America 1993 1998
Improvement of basic food crops in Africa through plant breeding, including the use of induced mutations 1989 1995
Induced mutations for sesame improvement 1993 1998
The application of DNA based marker mutations for improvement of cereals and other sexually reproduced crop species 1992 1997
Use of novel DNA fingerprinting techniques for the detection and characterization of genetic variation in vegetatively propagated crops 1992 1997
Induced mutations and other advanced technology for the production of crop mutants suitable for environmentally sustainable agriculture 1993 1998
In vitro techniques for the selection of radiation induced mutants adapted to adverse environmental conditions 1993 1998
Radioactively labelled DNA probes for crop improvement 1994 1999
Improvement of new and traditional industrial crops by induced mutations and related biotechnology 1994 1999
Cellular biology and biotechnology, including mutation techniques, for the creation of new useful banana genotypes 1994 1999
Animal production and health
Development of feed supplementation strategies for improving the productivity of dairy cattle on smallholder farms in Africa 1994 1998
Development of supplementation strategies for milk producing animals in tropical and subtropical environments through the use of nuclear and related techniques 1993 1998
Use of immunoassay methods for improved diagnosis of trypanosomiasis and monitoring tsetse and trypanosomiasis control programmes in Africa 1994 1999
Improving the diagnosis and control of foot and mouth disease in South East Asia using ELISA based technologies 1994 1999
The use of ELISA for epidemiology and control of foot and mouth disease and bovine brucellosis in Latin America 1994 1998
Improvement of ruminant livestock productivity in developing countries through the use of progesterone RIA to increase the efficiency and quality of artificial insemination services 1995 1999
Insect and pest control
Development of practices for area-wide tsetse eradication or control with emphasis on the SIT 1989 1995
Evaluation of population suppression by irradiated lepidoptera and their progeny 1992 1998
Development of female medfly attractant systems for trapping and sterility assessment 1993 1998
Medfly mating behaviour studies under field cage conditions 1993 1998
Automation in tsetse fly mass rearing for use in sterile insect technique programmes 1994 1999
Enhancement of the sterile insect technique through genetic transformation using nuclear techniques 1994 1999
A molecular and genetic approach to develop sexing strains for field application in fruit fly SIT programmes 1994 1999
Improved attractants for enhancing the efficiency of tsetse fly suppression operations and barrier systems used in tsetse control/eradication campaigns 1994 1999
Agrochemicals and residues
Adverse effects on flora and fauna from the use of organochlorine pesticides on the African continent 1990 1995
Development of procedures to stabilize acaricides in livestock dips and of simplified methods to measure their concentration using nuclear techniques 1992 1996
Use of isotopic tracers in studies of herbicide performance in grasses and sedges 1992 1997
Radionuclide transfer from air, soil and fresh water to the food chain of man in tropical and subtropical environments 1993 1997
The use of nuclear and immunochemical methods for pesticide analysis 1993 1998
Agroecological effects resulting from the use of persistent pesticides in Central America 1993 1997
Distribution, fate and effects of pesticides on biota in the tropical marine environment using radiolabelled tracers 1993 1997
Impact of long term pesticide usage on soil properties using radiotracer techniques 1994 1999
Food preservation
Irradiation as a quarantine treatment of mites, nematodes and insects other than fruit fly 1992 1997
Irradiation as a public health intervention measure to control food-borne diseases (cysticerosis/taeniasis and Vibrio infection) in Latin America and the Caribbean (under the co-sponsorship of PAHO) 1993 1998
Standardized methods to verify the absorbed dose of irradiated fresh and dried fruit and tree nuts in trade 1993 1998
Integration of irradiation in a system for reducing post-harvest food losses in Africa 1994 1999
Market development and trade in irradiated food in Asia 1994 1998
Development of shelf stable and convenience foods through irradiation processing 1995 2000
Human Health
Nuclear medicine
Nuclear investigations in cerebral function 1991 1995
Qualitative nuclear cardiology 1991 1995
Development of indigenous capability to conduct a screening programme for hepatitis in developing countries (RCA) 1992 1996
Certification of quality control and preventive maintenance of nuclear medical equipment (Asia and the Pacific) 1992 1996
Comparative evaluation of the efficacy and toxicity of intravenous 89Sr and oral 32P in the palliative treatment of painful skeletal metastases 1993 1996
Nuclear techniques for the diagnosis of bacterial and viral infections (Africa) 1993 1996
Biological discrimination of hormone sensitive and insensitive breast cancer tissue using radioimmunoassay of hormone receptors and growth factors 1994 1996
Certification of quality control and preventive maintenance of nuclear medical equipment (Latin America) 1994 1996
Diagnosis of Chagas' disease (Latin America) 1994 1997
Nuclear techniques for the diagnosis of blood borne infections (Asia and Pacific) 1994 1997
Standardization of 131I treatment of hyperthyroidism with an intent to optimize radiation dose and treatment response 1995 1999
Development of indigenous capability of reagent production for hepatitis B in developing countries 1995 1997
Perinatal diagnosis using radionuclide labelled probes 1995 1997
Radioimmunoassay of prostate specific antigen for diagnosis and follow-up of prostate cancer 1995 1997
Validation of IBM-PC interfacing with gamma cameras and appropriate application software for data processing of clinical studies 1995 1997
Applied radiation biology and radiotherapy
Comparative assessment of mutagenic and carcinogenic effects of low level radiation and toxic chemicals released from energy cycles 1992 1996
Radiation responsiveness criteria for human tumours as a determinant for therapeutic modality planning 1992 1998
Modern techniques in brachytherapy of cancer with special reference to the developing countries 1993 1998
Clinical application of radiosensitizers in cancer radiotherapy 1994 1999
Randomized clinical trial of radiotherapy combined with mitomycin C in the treatment of advanced head and neck tumours 1995 1999
Application of heavy charged particles in cancer radiotherapy 1995 1998
Quality assurance in radiotherapy for Latin America 1995 1998
Use of radiotherapy in advanced cancer 1995 1998
Dosimetry
Development of quality control dosimetry techniques for particle beam radiation processing 1988 1995
Characterization and evaluation of high dose dosimetry techniques for quality assurance in radiation processing 1994 1999
Development of a quality assurance programme for Secondary Standard Dosimetry Laboratories 1995 1998
Development of a quality assurance programme for radiation therapy dosimetry in developing countries 1995 1998
Nutritional and health related environmental studies
Assessment of environmental exposure to mercury in selected human populations as 1990 1995 studied by nuclear and other techniques Isotope aided studies of the bioavailability of iron and zinc from human diets 1990 1995
Applied research on air pollution using nuclear related analytical techniques 1992 1997
Development and selection of analytical techniques and procedures for measuring accidentally released radionuclides in the environment 1992 1996
Application of stable isotope tracer methods to studies of amino acid, protein and energy metabolism in malnourished populations of developing countries 1993 1998
Comparative international studies of osteoporosis using isotope techniques 1994 1998
Development and application of isotopic techniques in studies of vitamin A nutrition 1995 1999
Applied research on air pollution using nuclear related analytical techniques in the Asia and Pacific region (RCA) 1995 1999
Ingestion and organ content of trace elements of importance in radiological protection (RCA) 1995 1999
Industry and Earth Sciences
Industrial applications
Irradiation treatment of water, waste water and sludge 1995 1998
Radiation processing to prepare biomaterials for applications in medicine 1995 1998
Modification of materials by ion treatment for industrial applications 1995 1998
Nuclear techniques for advanced ceramics and semiconductors 1992 1996
Application of nuclear techniques for environmental preservation in resource extraction and processing 1992 1996
Nuclear methods in the monitoring of wear and corrosion in industry 1992 1996
Nuclear techniques for the evaluation of healing pathways of pollutant damage in the environment 1992 1996
Stability and stabilization of polymers under irradiation 1993 1997
Development of water resources
Use of environmental isotopes in palaeoclimatology 1992 1995
Isotope aided studies of atmospheric carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere 1990 1994
Isotope techniques in lake dynamics investigations 1993 1996
Isotope techniques in water resources investigations in arid and semi-arid regions 1994 1997
Isotope techniques in groundwater pollution studies 1994 1997
Application of tracer techniques in the study of the Black Sea (jointly with IAEA-MEL) 1993 1996
Use of isotopes for analyses of flow and transport dynamics in groundwater systems 1995 1997
Isotope aided studies of atmospheric carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere -- Phase II 1995 1998
Application of isotope techniques to study soil erosion and sedimentation rate in lakes and reservoirs 1995 1997
Physical and Chemical Sciences
Nuclear and atomic data for applications
Activation cross-sections for the generation of long lived radionuclides 1989 1995
Compilation and evaluation of fission product yield nuclear data 1991 1996
Plasma interaction induced erosion of fusion reactor materials 1991 1996
Improvement of measurements, theoretical computations and evaluations of neutron induced helium production cross-sections 1992 1996
Establishment of an international reference data library of nuclear activation cross-sections 1993 1997
Collection and evaluation of reference data on thermomechanical properties of fusion reactor plasma facing materials 1994 1996
Development of a reference input parameter library for nuclear model calculations of nuclear data 1994 1997
Measurement, calculation and evaluation of photon production data 1994 1998
Radiative cooling rates of fusion plasma impurities 1994 1997
Tritium retention in fusion reactor plasma facing components 1995 1998
Atomic and plasmawall interaction data for fusion reactor plasma modelling 1995 1998
Development of a reference charged particle cross-section database for medical radioisotope production 1995 1998
Nuclear instrumentation
Development of computer based troubleshooting tools and instruments 1996 1998
Utilization of research reactors and particle accelerators
Application of PCs to enhance the operation and management of research reactors 1990 1995
Analysis of research reactor transients 1995 1998
Chemistry
Labelling, quality control and clinical evaluation of monoclonal antibodies for scintigraphy 1990 1996
Antibodies immobilized on magnetic particles for radioimmunoassay and immunoradiometric assay of hormones 1991 1995
Optimization of the production and quality control of radiotherapeutic radionuclides and radiopharmaceuticals 1992 1996
Design and evaluation of heat utilization systems for the high temperature engineering test reactor 1994 1998
Evaluation of bulk reagents for the production of 99Tcm radiopharmaceutical kits 1995 1998
Development of agents for imaging central neural systems receptors based on technetium-99m 1995 1998
Technetium-99m labelled peptides for the imaging of peripheral receptors 1995 1998
Radiation Safety
Occupational radiation protection
Intercomparison of in vivo counting systems using a reference Asian phantom 1995 1997
Reference Asian man project Phase II: Ingestion and organ content of trace elements of importance in radiation protection 1995 1997
Limitations of radioepidemiological assessments for stochastic radiation effects in relation to radiation protection 1994 1997
Radiation protection in diagnostic radiology in Asia and the Far East 1994 1997
Radiation protection in diagnostic radiology in eastern European countries 1993 1997
Radiation protection of the public and the environment
Radionuclide transfer to humans in tropical and subtropical environments 1994 1997
Safe transport of radioactive material
Accident severity at sea during the transport of radioactive material 1994 1997
Assessment of safety of uranium hexafluoride (UF6) transport packages in fires 1992 1996
Development of relevant accident data for quantifying risks associated with the transport of radioactive materials 1994 1997
Safety of Nuclear Installations
Engineering safety issues of nuclear power plants
Benchmark study for seismic analysis and testing of WWER type nuclear power plants 1993 1996
Management of ageing of the concrete containment building 1992 1995
Management of ageing of in-containment instrumentation and control cables 1992 1995
Seismic data for the siting and site revalidation of nuclear facilities 1989 1996
Research reactor safety
Application of non-destructive testing and in-service inspection to research reactors 1995 1998
Nuclear safety assessment practices
Validation of accident and safety analysis methodology 1995 1998
Collection and classification of human reliability data for use in probabilistic safety assessments 1994 1997


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