Sustainable Development & Nuclear Power
Table of Contents Table of Contents
Introduction Introduction
The Energy Challenge The Energy Challenge
Nuclear Power Facts Nuclear Power Facts
Nuclear Power Advantages Nuclear Power Advantages

Conclusion Conclusion
The Salient Points The Salient Points
Annex I Annex I:   The DECADES Project
Annex II Annex II:  Nuclear Power Case Studies


Today's global challenge is to develop strategies that foster a sustainable energy future less dependent on fossil fuels. As a proven and environmentally benign technology and with its potential as a sustainable long term energy supply into the distant future, nuclear power can be an important contributor to sustainable development. It is a multipurpose power source providing baseload electricity and offering a wide range of potential applications in the non-electric sector.

If nuclear power is to play a significant role by mid-century, decisions must be taken in the next decade. In the near term, the more than 400 existing nuclear reactors will all need to be replaced and new sites identified. The future demand will call not only for today's evolutionary reactors with improved safety and operating systems, but also for small and medium size reactors for nonelectrical applications and low capacity needs.

Both the nuclear industry and governments face a serious challenge. Institutional and industrial infrastructures must be maintained at a level sufficient to preserve scientific knowledge and industrial capabilities to meet an increased demand. Although in the near term nuclear power is not an option for many developing countries, technology transfer and local human resource development will be necessary if nuclear power expansion is to meet their future energy needs.

But for nuclear power to play its full role in a less fossil dependent age, its acceptance by the public and at the political level is vital. This brochure has attempted to clarify some of the issues that currently limit the achievement of this goal.