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Facts:

Assistance from other International Organizations

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The European Commission's (EC) Radiation Protection Research Action programme has implemented two thyroid research projects under the EC/Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) scientific collaboration agreement, and the EC's Humanitarian Office (ECHO) has supplied specialist equipment and medicines for the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of the children suffering from thyroid cancer for Belarus and Ukraine. EC technical assistance has included training for CIS medical staff, facilities for producing L-thyroxin tablets in the Chernobyl affected regions and measures to improve the production and distribution of iodized table salt in the affected regions. Other research projects include environmental problems and emergency preparedness.

The G7 has proposed a solution for the ultimate closure of the Chernobyl complex, short-term safety upgrades for units still in operation, plans for a new Chernobyl sarcophagus and waste retrieval facility and completion of two new reactors at other sites to replace Chernobyl units 1and 3.

The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) has created a special Nuclear Safety Account devoted to supporting safety upgrades and improvements for Soviet-designed nuclear reactors, with priority going to "high risk" designs such as the RBMK.

The World Bank has been providing concessional loans for energy development including conventional power generation, policy reforms, coal mining and electricity market development.

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